Unformatted text preview: 8. Dispersal biogeography tries to understand biogeographical distributions based on dispersals
from the original distribution. Is vicariance biogeography different from this? (A). No, they are the same thing deﬁned from different perspectives. (B). No, they are different names that share a single deﬁnition. (2’). Yes, vicariance biogeography is based on splitting of geographical areas. (D). Yes, vicariance biogeography is based on splitting of time scale. 9. Large pterosaurs had wings with high aspect ratios and low wing loading. This indicates
that... (A). These pterosaurs were good at diving. (B). These pterosaurs were good at ﬂapping. (Of These pterosaurs were good at gliding. (D). These pterosaurs were good at parachuting 10. What is the characteristic of the Ediacara fauna?
(A). All animals are large (more than 0.5m long).
(B). All animals are ﬂoating animals.
(WAN animals are soft bodied.
(D). All animals are some kind of jelly ﬁsh. 11. Which one of the following phenomena represents scaling effect best?
(A). A single bone may have different masses depending on the scale that is used.
(39’. A single shape changes its physical properties according to size.
(C). A single species may choose different habitats by comparing the beneﬁts.
(D). A single taxon may contain less number of species depending on its scale 12. Animals are divided into sponges, cnidarians (e.g., jellyﬁsh), ctenophores (e.g., comb jellies),
bilateralians, and some other minor groups. To which of these do we (vertebrates) belong? (360’. Bilateralians (B). Cnidarians (C). Ctenophores (D). Others 13. There was little oxygen in the atmosphere when the Earth was born. Which one of the
following produced oxygen that eventually changed the atmospheric composition during the
Precambrian? (A). Angiosperms, Whose existence is conﬁrmed with ﬂower fossils (B). Avascular plants, whose existence is conﬁrmed with fossil spores MCyanobacteria, whose existence is conﬁrmed with stromatolites (D). Gymnosperrns, whose existence is conﬁrmed with pine cone fossils ...
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- Winter '09