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Final_Exam_Study_Guide - Final Exam Study Guide Chpts 6-10...

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Final Exam Study Guide Chpts 6-10 Introduction to Archaeology Professor: Dr. K. Lewis ANP 203, Fall 2009 TA: Rowenn Kalman Below is a list of topics, concepts, terms, and names to assist you in studying for the Final. This is a guide and is NOT intended to be an exhaustive list. You are still responsible for all material covered in the textbook, videos, and lectures. Key themes from Films The Red Paint People (Discoveries about an advanced seafaring people, megaliths and tool technology, the diffusion debate, how different sites were linked to each other) Ancient Treasures from the Deep (George Bass, how shipwreck was linked to time and place(s), debate about its origin/destination, how it was excavated, use of museums and documents) Realms (Aztec and Maya political systems, tribute, class system, expansion) CONCEPTS and TERMS Type- A class of data defined by a consistent clustering of attributes Typology- Native Typology Technological Typology Functional Typology Temporal Typology Terminus Post Quem (TPQ) Terminus Ante Quem (TAQ) Absolute Dating- determination of age using a specific time scale, as in years before present, or according to a fixed calendar Relative Dating- deterining chronological sequence without reference to a fixed tie scale Stratigraphy- the archaeological evaluation of the significance of stratification to deterine the teporal sequence of data within stratified deposits by using bothe the law of superposition and context evaluations Seriation- techniques used to order materials in a relative dating sequence in such a way that adjacent ites in the series are more similar to each other than to ites farther apart in the series Cross-dating Chronometric Dating-same as absolute dating Radio Carbon Dating- a radiometric dating technique based on measuring the decay of the radioactive isotope of carbon to stable nitrogen Radiometric dating- a variety of absolute dating techniques based on the transformation of unstable radioactive isotopes into stable elements Diffusion- transmission of ideas from one culture to another Attributes- the minimal characteristic used as a criterion for grouping artifacts into classes: stylistic, form, technological attributes Inference
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Assemblage- a gross grouping of all subassemblages assumed to represent the sum of human activities carried out within an ancient community Relative Chronology Absolute Chronology Megaliths Ecofacts - nonartifactual evidence from the past that has cultural relevance; the category Features- nonportable archaeological remains that cannot be recovered from matrix without destroying their integrety Ceramics- artifacts of fired clay belonging to pottery, figurine, or other ceramic industries Dendrochronology- the study of tree-ring growth patterns, which are linked to develop a continuous chronological sequence TOPICS you should review/study: Settlement patterns (be able to describe the variables that influence the size, form, and
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Final_Exam_Study_Guide - Final Exam Study Guide Chpts 6-10...

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