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11-4 - 1/3 of guards turned sadistic no intervention by the...

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People as Civilized Beings Roles Continued Milgram (196#) What do the Milgram studies tell us about human nature? Are people sheep? What is the proper interpretation of this research? Roles tell you how you are suppose to think and act. Banality of Evil True that IF you were in Eichmann’s place, you probably would have done the same thing… …but not everyone chooses to be in that situation What is the banality of evil? Not, that everyone is evil, or that evil is commonplace Instead, that the human motivations that give rise to evil are commonplace Zimbardo’s Prison Study www.zimbardo.com the Stanford Prison Study Study Overview: Wanted to study effects of prison life Randomly assigned 24 healthy, “normal” adults who volunteered for a study on prison life to be prisoners or guards Tried especiallyh to replicate the psychological experience of prison Results Study had to be stopped on 6 th day because of chaotic results
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Unformatted text preview: 1/3 of guards turned sadistic, no intervention by the rest Mental and emotional breakdown of several prisoners Overall, total role immersion by both guards and prisoners Necessary Conditions Depersonalization Lack of experience Poor command structure/leadership Lack of rest/cycling off-duty Low accountability/high secrecy Frederick stated.” We had no support, no training whatsoever. And I kept What to conclude from Prison Study ( and other studies of roles)? Listen to Zimbardo talk about his own research- what is the message he gets across? Conclusions from Studies of Roles Importance of situation in influencing behavior In particular, in: Prescribing appropriate/inappropriate behaviors Alerting you to ‘what is important, and what is to be ignored’ Comments on whether people are “a certain type of person…” …but recognize interaction between people and the situation....
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