12-2 - People As Social Animals Group Processes Putting the...

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People As Social Animals “Group Processes: Putting the Social Back in Social Psychology” Nov. 25, 2009 (Actually Dec. 2) Why Groups? Groups are everywhere “Fuzzy Set” Approach- lots of different things that can make collective individuals a group. Groups vary on how we percieve them classify them More than 1 person Mutual influence Mutual awareness Cohesiveness Shared goals Communication Interdependence of outcomes- outcome depends on others of the group Structure Identity When do people see a group? Enitativity: the perception of a collection of individuals as a meaningful entity (ex: a group, a unit) “Groupy-ness” Gestalt psychologists (1930s): A group is more than a sum of its parts Gestalt properties of objects can be applied to groups Proximity: objects near to one another are grouped together Similarity: like objects are grouped together Gestalt properties: similarity, proximity, common fate Law of Pragnanz Humans tend to organize their perceptions in an orderly way (using Gestalt principles) Method: Participants were told that they would make judgements of individual members and groups of members of “Species G”, characters in a new sci-fi movie. The movie was allegedly about the interactions between Species G and another group, Species H Task was to form impressions and make judgements of personality traits and behaviors of Species G Stimulit: entitative and non-entitative groups, as well as individuals Dependent Measures Homogenetity: How homogeneous (ex:similar) are thes Gs when they oppose Hs? Negative Actions: How much do these Gs (does this G) hate Hs? Retaliate against Hs? How threatening (prejudiced) are these Gs (is this G) towards Hs? Positive Actions How friendly (judicious) are these Gs (is this G) toward Hs?
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How collaborative (united) are these Gs (is this G) with Hs Results Type of Group Entitative: 5.2 Homogenetity Ratings Non: less than entitative
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12-2 - People As Social Animals Group Processes Putting the...

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