EXAM NOTES 2. - Civil Service Examinations System: The...

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Civil Service Examinations System: The civil service examination system was founded in the Han dynasty and became increasingly prominent during later years in Chinese history. It was a written exam for selecting people for political office that was implemented by the second Han emperor. It ran from 187 BCE to 1905 CE. A career relating to government services were largely limited by those people with “hereditary privilege” during the Han dynasty. Only those that could invest books and instructions could write the exams. The exam required people to have knowledge of history, philosophy, literature, and things like laws and arts, which were considered as “trade.” This was later criticized by people stating that the knowledge of the examination requirements was the reason for the slow development in science and technology in China today. The system influenced some western nations. It was an evidence of the popularity of Confucianism, which emphasized the importance of studying history, philosophy, and literature. It facilitated the careers of China’s greatest statesmen during the Song and later provided a measure of social mobility. Social mobility simply means a movement within the social hierarchy. The examination system largely determined the educational curriculum, and shaped the structure of the lives of those who aimed to obtain a degree. The system showed the way in which a person obtained a good job in ancient China. http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0811913.html Ban Zhao: Ban Zhao lived from 45 to approximately 114 AD, in the Eastern Han period, after Wang Mang’s Xin Dynasty, when Confucianism was established as the state teaching. Born in the city Sheng Yang, located in Liaoning Proving, she spent most of her life in the Eastern Han’s capital city Luoyang. She became the teacher of the empress and princess after she completed the History of the Former Han. She was the sister of Ban Chao and Ban Gu. Her family was extremely powerful back in the Eastern Han period. Her father, Ban Bue, is one of the most famous Confucius followers and teachers in the royal court. Her brother Ban Gu, was the most important composer of the History of the Former Han. He was considered to be the greatest historian after Sima Qian. Ban Chao was a general of Eastern Han. By his effort, he reopened the “Road for silk” for China. Ban Zhao was the last composer to put all works together including those of her father and brother, as well as her edition, and completed the History of the Former Han. She was also the author of “Admonitions for Women” called Nujie. She was influenced by her father and the political education of Eastern Han to start learning the philosophy of Confucius and the five classics in her childhood. She advocated that education should not only be for males, though derived from the
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EXAM NOTES 2. - Civil Service Examinations System: The...

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