Term test 1 - Mozi Mozi was a great philosopher his main tenet was universal love and he criticized Confucius Mozi(480-390 BC lived during the

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Mozi Mozi was a great philosopher, his main tenet was universal love, and he criticized Confucius. Mozi(480-390 BC) lived during the Warring States era, and he despised the chaos and disorder of his time. He feels that people should be more accepting of one another, he feels that society should adhere to “don't do unto others what you would not do to yourself”. If everyone was like this, there would be now war. Mozi felt that people should do things beneficial to society and the state. He points out that warfare is a huge waste of human lives, money, etc. The gains of conquest does not balance out the losses required. Because of this, Mozi is an expert in city defense, for he saw warfare as evil. He criticized the stratified society of Confucius, Mozi came from a lowly class, and he felt that people can go into politics regardless of birth. Some of the rituals described by confucius was rejected by mozi as wasteful. Such as music and the mourning of the dead. He felt that the three years mourning and the practices such as starvation and isolation associated with it is a drastic waste of time and skills. People should only mourn to and from the funeral, afterwards, they should go about daily life, especially the elites and rulers. Mozi's thought was compiled into a book called Mozi, but his teachings gradually lost its identity, only some was absorbed into confucianism. Another philosopher who lived after Mozi, Mencius, would base many of his ideas after his.
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Mandate of Heaven The Mandate of Heaven, or Tian Ming(TM) is a right of rule dictated from Heaven to the King or Emperor. TM was originally created by the Zhou as propaganda for the justification of the
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2010 for the course ARC131, EA ARC132 taught by Professor Richards during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Term test 1 - Mozi Mozi was a great philosopher his main tenet was universal love and he criticized Confucius Mozi(480-390 BC lived during the

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