Midterm #1 notes - *In their efforts to distinguish heresy...

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*In their efforts to distinguish heresy from orthodoxy, Christians during the time of Antiquity canonized Scripture, and turned as well to creeds, bishops, and the liturgy as sources for orthodox truth. Be prepared to explain why each of these bases of authority came to be used (that is, why the New Testament was canonized, and why Christians also looked to creeds, bishops, and the liturgy as measures of orthodoxy). Also, be able to note what sort of problems Christians might have had relying on these sources. Be able to cite concrete examples where possible. Why did Christianity look to creeds, bishops, and the liturgy as sources for orthodox truth. o Christianity grew in followers, whom desired a defined religion in the context of a Jewish world. o New ideas and new situations had to be addressed and defined as orthodox Christianity or heresy in the context of Christianity. o Bishops were the authority and most aware of the teachings of Jesus and the Old Testament. Baptism o Gnostics were “diluting” a belief system by introducing heretical forms of liturgy and even scripture. Irenaeus of Lyon o Rebutted Gnosticism with massive writings. o Book against heresies Took his stand on all the Old Testement and all 27 new testements allowed for a continuing conversation with Judaism Canon, apostolic succession (bishops of Rome to saint peter), importance of Roman church o Canonized scripture in order to elaborate on the religion Constantine the Great o Self definition Where the values should be The body Visible leaders instead of gurus Theodosius Baptism DOCUMENTS o Nicean creed o Luke 22:19-20 Liturgical practices from these Breaking of the bread o Paul’s letter to the Corintheans No idol in the world really exists, only one god. One lord jesus Christ through whom are all things. One god is from Judaism Gentile religions
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PROBLEMS o Translation o Relying on the sources o Conflicts with Jewish practices, way of life *Be prepared to explain the ways in which Western Christianity differed from Eastern Orthodox Christianity in the centuries before 1054. Eastern Ortho o Traditional o Less innovative o Free will issue o Only traditional worship o Wanted strong state involvement in the religion and vice versa. Evangelation o West only used latin Good unity but slower spread o Difference in monks East was tied to government o Romans 13:1-10 For the emperor God made them the officials East (iconoclasts vs icono) o Exodus 20:4 For iconoclasts *Be prepared to explain the role played by each of the first four ecumenical councils in establishing the orthodox Christian position on who Jesus Christ was. (Be sure to know the councils and the years and places in which they were held). Council of Nicaea (325) lasted two months and twelve days. Three hundred and eighteen bishops
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2010 for the course HIST 311 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Midterm #1 notes - *In their efforts to distinguish heresy...

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