PGS 101 Exam 2 study guide

PGS 101 Exam 2 study guide - PGS 101 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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PGS 101 Exam 2 Study Guide Study tips: If a concept was covered in lecture, always use lecture notes. Only if not, then use book. Remember, material from the Methods lectures is game for any exam throughout the course. Freud Wishful fulfillment, thought function of dream was sexual wish forfillment Cartwright Information process Activation synthesis Biorhythms & sleep - circadian rhythms about every 24 hours Resetting the biological clock – retina picks up light and sends it to hypothalamus, Suprachiasmic nucleus (SCN), SCN sends message to pineal gland, eventually releases melatonin EEG electroencephalograph - instrument that measures brainwaves Sleep cycles Awake – Show Beta waves (low volt, high freq.). Drowsy – Alpha. Stage 1 – Theta, few minutes. Stage 2 – Sleep spindles, mixed waves, 20 mins. Stage 3 + 4 – Delta (high volt, low freq), ~30 mins. REM (low volt, high freq.), most dreaming Three functions of sleep – Protective, Restorative, Growth Sleep disorders Insomnia – recommended treatment, Narcolepsy – overwhelming sleepyness, Sleep Apnea - snoring Features of dreams Story-like, day residue, mostly mundane Three theories of dreaming Wish Fulfillment (Freud), manifest content, latent content. Information Processing – Cartwright. Learning Bandura observational learning (children) Skinner – learning by consequences, learning from mistakes (worked with rats/mice) Pavlov classical conditioning, learning by association (worked with dogs) Classical conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) : naturally evokes UCR(comes from birth). Unconditioned Response (UCR) natural response to UCS (natural response
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PGS 101 Exam 2 study guide - PGS 101 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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