18 test - 1. The Worlds Columbian Exposition in 1892 was...

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1. The World’s Columbian Exposition in 1892 was [A] a meeting held in the District of Columbia to expose industrial working conditions. [B] the Chicago World’s Fair. [E] the meeting held in Chicago by the leaders of the major industrial unions, to find a method of cooperating in the struggle against big corporations. 2. The Interstate Commerce Commission was established to [A] investigate and oversee railroad activities. [B] encourage Americans not to buy imported goods. [C] control fluctuations in the international grain msuarket. [D] encourage interstate cooperation in commercial ventures. [E] regulate the disruptive activities of industrial unions. 3. Which of the following statements about the period from 1860 to 1900 is not true? [A] The number of persons engaged in manufacturing quadrupled. [B] Manufacturing output soared. [C] Innovative advertising and marketing techniques were created. [D] Boom-bust business cycles produced two major depressions. [E] U.S. textile and iron production tapered off. 4. Which of the following was characteristic of modern industrial America after the Civil War? [A] exploitation of immense coal deposits as a source of cheap energy [B] the rapid spread of technological innovation and the factory system [C] a drop in price levels and a rise in interest rates [D] the impulse to drive rivals out of business and consolidate monopolistic power [E] all of these 5. The use of technology in industry in the second half of the nineteenth century [A] made it possible for manufacturers to hire cheap unskilled or semiskilled labor. 6. What was one of the ways in which railroad companies pioneered in large-scale corporate enterprise? [A] the issuance of stock to meet their huge capital needs 7. In 1900 U.S. railroads [D] had a combined debt that was five times that of the federal government. 8. At the end of the Civil War, what communications system did the railroads use to coordinate their complex flow of rail cars? [C] the telegraph 9. Which of the following statements accurately reflects the differences between single working-class women and married working-class women in the nineteenth century? [A] Married women commonly worked under sweatshop conditions within the tenements, whereas single women often viewed outside work as an opportunity. [B] Married women worked in cigar factories, whereas single women did needlework at home. [C] Married women were able to work in factories because of the large number of unmarried women available to
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18 test - 1. The Worlds Columbian Exposition in 1892 was...

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