Phenomenology - Phenomenological Psychology Free Will vs...

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2/26/2010 1 Phenomenological Psychology Free Will vs. Determinism Existential Psychology Humanistic Psychology ± Assessment Book: Ch. 13 (all), 17 (“The Declaritive Self” pgs. 564 Free Will vs. Determinism Free Will: behavior is caused by independent forces Determinism: everything has a cause in the external world Reactance: motive to regain or reassert a threatened freedom Self-Determinism • Deciding for oneself what to do; or Introjected regulation: use a value pertaining to behavior as a should or ought; or Identified regulation: behavior is personally meaningful & valuable
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2/26/2010 2 Existential Psychology • People are responsible for investing their lives with meaning Key concepts: Freedom • Freedom • Individuality • Responsibility •Anx iety • Guilt Pages 408 - 414 The Existential Dilemma Dasein: “Being in the World” – 3 parts of conscious experience (Binswanger) • Umwelt: biological experience • Mitwelt: social experience Eigenwel : psychological experience • Eigenwelt: psychological experience Page 409 Thrown-ness: which you were born Angst: existential anxiety Anguish – choices are never perfect Forlorn – you are alone with your choices Despair – you can’t change the world
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2/26/2010 3 Bad Faith Must face angst directly Optimistic toughness: existential courage to face your own mortality & apparent meaninglessness of life Terror management theory: awareness of one’s Terror management theory: awareness of one’s eventual death creates angst/terror Bad Faith: failing to show courage & avoiding problems Means you live a lie Still leaves you unhappy Not even ultimately possible Pages 411 – 412 Authentic Existence Facing facts of being mortal, living a short life, Authentic existence: living with an awareness
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Phenomenology - Phenomenological Psychology Free Will vs...

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