Psychoanalysis - 1 Psychoanalytic Perspective ¾ Motivation...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychoanalytic Perspective ¾ Motivation ¾ Topographical Mode ¾ Topographical Model ¾ Structural Model ¾ Defense Mechanisms ¾ Psychosexual Stages ¾ How Things Go Wrong ¾ Testing & Therapy Motivation/Drives { Two driving forces behind action: z Eros Sex z Thantos Death/Aggression { Both are characterized by { Both are characterized by: z Impetus: amount of force z Source: region of the body experiencing tension z Aim: pleasure from reducing tension z Object: person/thing through which the aim is satisfied Eros { Impetus: libido { Source: erogenous zone { Aim: pleasure from reducing tension { Object: flexible z Narcissism: self-love z Aim-Inhibited: original aim is inhibited/repressed z Sadism: pleasure from inflicting pain, humiliating others z Masochism: pleasure from suffering & humiliation 2 Thantos { Impetus: no name given by Freud BUT in biology, gene-directed suicide is apoptosis { Source: flexible { Aim: return to an inorganic state (death) { Object: flexible z Aggression may stem from Thantos : { Eros blocks expression of death instinct { The tension, however, remains { The energy is dissipated in aggressive/ destructive actions against others Topographical Model { Unconscious: unacceptable thoughts, feelings & memories { Preconscious: retrievable information not already in consciousness { Conscious: thoughts we are aware of Structural Model { Id: strives to satisfy basic sexual & aggressive drives { Ego: conscious “executive;” mediates among the demands of the id, superego, & reality { Superego: internalized ideas; provides standards for judgment 3 Structural Model { Id z Pleasure principle: impulses should be gratified immediately z Primary process: creates an unconscious image...
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Psychoanalysis - 1 Psychoanalytic Perspective ¾ Motivation...

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