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Questions - QuestionsPacific Rim-area of highest seismic...

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Questions- Pacific Rim-area of highest seismic activity in the world- Ans -True Phone Books - Good source for emergency information in Hawaii Earthquakes are confined to edges of tectonic plates- Ans false Seismic zones fend to migrate Tsunami translates to Harbor Wave Wegener was the father of plate techtonics 3 main causes of Tsunamis -earthquakes -landslides -volcanoes, rarest Lutiyo Bay-is on the test As wavelength decreases wave high inc in recent the tsunami with the most deaths occurred in dec 26, 2004 the four major fault lines: san Andres rodger creek haywood calavares Random Other stuff- Natural Disasters are studied in almost all science related fields, for example: Geologists- study the dynamics of earthquakes and volcanoes Geographers- hazard mapping, why people build in hazard prone areas Engineers- strengthen structures against natural hazards Sociologists- study demographic shifts after ND’s, dispersion of people
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Meteorologists- study formation of weather systems + prediction of weather Urban planners- issues of mitigation to soften ND effects, sustainability + recovery ability Psychologists- how individuals are impacted and their coping methods, there is always a spike in suicide rates after a ND event Two types of natural disasters 1. slow onset – long lived ie. Climate change, droughts 2. sudden onset – short lived ie. Volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, hurricanes, wildfires, floods, tornadoes, extra-tropical cyclones Since 1946, 2-2.5 million people have been killed in sudden onset disasters The biggest killers worldwide in order of ranking are: 1. Earthquakes 2. Tropical cyclones 3. Floods. Mitigation- Four Main Stages of Disaster Response : 1. Mitigation 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery “In the early 1990’s, the US Congress directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to place its highest priority on natural hazard mitigation, shifting its emphasis from responding to, and recovering from, disasters once they have occurred to mitigating future hazard events. This marked a fundamental change, moving from reactive to proactive national emergency management policy.” Why is mitigation important? - reduces the cost to the economy - land use planning protects people from catastrophes and allows people to utilize healthy and safe environments—and the right to live and work where they please
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Robert T. Stafford Act of 1988 “In the United States, natural hazard mitigation policy is set forth in the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and its accompanying regulations in Title 44 of the Code of Federal Regulations. In the Stafford Act, Congress declares that because disasters cause loss of life, human suffering, loss of income, property loss and damage; disrupt the normal functioning of governments and communities; and adversely affect individuals and families, special measures are necessary to assist states in rendering aid, assistance, emergency services, and reconstruction and rehabilitation of devastated areas. The intent of the act is to provide
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