EST 330 Notes Monday January 30

EST 330 Notes Monday January 30 - EST 330 Notes Monday...

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EST 330 Notes Monday January 30, 2006 -slow onset-long lived disasters cause more deaths than sudden onset-short lived disasters -drought affects more people than any other natural disaster 18 million people affected each year by drought in the 1960’s 24 million people affected each year by drought in the 1970’s 30 million people affected each year by drought in the 1980’s in Africa alone. -In the United States between 1940-1990 the number amount of fatalities due to natural disasters dropped by a factor of 3 -In the United States during the 1940’s the top natural disaster was lightning now the number one is inland flooding -In the 1980’s and 1990’s lightning killed more people a year than hurricanes and tornados combined -Katrina was the highest death toll (1332) from a natural disaster since the Galveston, Texas Hurricane in 1900 -1988 wildfires in Yellowstone National Park changed the fire fighting policy in the NPS (national park services) to let natural fires burn unless the fire threatens park facilities, all human caused fires will be extinguished. This change was made to prevent the unnatural accumulation of dry fuel (leaves, tress, ext.) TYPES OF EVENTS A) Natural Disasters : (disasters from nature) Nature is cause – “man” suffers Example : Undersea earthquake causes tsunami; people drown 5000 miles away. B) Quasi-Natural Disasters : Nature is regarded as cause, but humans are partially to blame. “Man” and nature may suffer. Example : Under exceptionally dry conditions, a campfire gets out of control. Firefighters are killed. Was campfire or drought to blame? C) Natural Cataclysms : (no disaster – can be huge) Nature is cause – no one suffers. Example : Volcano erupts in uninhabited area. Flora and fauna destroyed for 50 miles around D) Ecological Disasters (a.k.a. environmental dis ): Disaster to nature – “man” is cause; nature suffers (“man” may also suffer
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2010 for the course EST 330 taught by Professor Paulsiegel during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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EST 330 Notes Monday January 30 - EST 330 Notes Monday...

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