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SUMMARY OF KEY ISSUES - 440 engine companies and more than...

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SUMMARY OF KEY ISSUES: 1. Location Wildland-urban interface area, Oakland-Berkeley Hills, California 2. Risk Factors Extreme fire risk created by five year drought, low humidity, and Diablo winds; highly combustible natural fuels, inadequate separation between natural fuels and the unregulated use of wood shingles as roof and siding material; steep terrain, homes overhanging hillsides, narrow roads, limited access, limited water supply. 3. Mitigation Efforts Previous fire experiences identified hazards. Risk reduction measures had been studied and recommended for several years, but not implemented. 4. Cause Strong winds caused rekindle of grass fire from previous day, accelerated by wind. Crews were in scene overhauling when fire erupted. Cause of original fire was undetermined. 5. Response Largest response ever recorded. Massive mutual aid provided by
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Unformatted text preview: 440 engine companies and more than 1,500 firefighters. 6. Damage extent 3,354 structures destroyed, 1,500 acres, $1.5 Billion damage. 7. Death & Injuries 25 lives lost, including a Battalion Chief and Police Officer; 150 people injured. 8. Incident Command Shortage of command officers handicapped initial implementation of ICS (Incident Command Structure). Multiple commands developed as additional agencies became involved. Unified Command implemented after several hours. 9. Communications Radio channels and Communications Center overwhelmed by situation. 10. Strategy Initial attack overwhelmed; crews had to retreat and evacuate residents ahead of fire. Unable to stop advance of fire until wind conditions changed. Source: US Fire Administration, Technical Report Series #60 FEMA....
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  • Fall '09
  • PaulSiegel
  • Incident Command System, Wildfire, Incident Command structure, combustible natural fuels, Battalion Chief and Police Officer, Wildland-urban interface area

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