midterm study guide

midterm study guide - Activist presidency motivated by the...

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Activist presidency – motivated by the goal of accomplishing domestic and/or foreign policies while increasing the power of office. The alt that pres should be managers or magistrates, purely passive, leave resp to leg branch. Adjourn – when congress ends a session. Presidents have this constitutional authority when there is a disagreement between the HR and the Senater regarding the time of adjournment. As with the power to convene congress, this provision is little used. Chief diplomat – derived from the enumarted powers of the US Const, the president meets with foreign dignitaries and negotiates treaties, this is a mixture of palpable authority and pure symbolism. May have given pres additional tangible authority due to comm. With foreign nations and little or no specification Commander in chief – (art 2 sect 2) a constitutional role of the presidency the president as a nonmilitary official is the head of the military (founders intent to limit power of military by placing it under civilian control) Convene – bring congress back into session after it has adjourned. Presidents have the const auth to use this provision, which has become less influential over time, as congress now meets throughout most of its two year session (Truman took adv of this provision to call the so-called “do nothing” congress back into session in the summer of 1948, a tactic that successfully advanced his reelection prospects) Dark horse candidate – a candidate who has come from out of nowhere to secure a partys nomination. This person is often a little-known candidate who gets the nomination because of political promises. (Andrew jacksons spoils system) Expectations – a central concept in the presidential literature. The idea is that how we perceive the pres office, what we demand from it, where we look for leadership have a direct impact on the extent of pres power. In short, the greater our expectations of the pres, the greater the potential for pres power. Since expectations can change more quickly than constitutional provisions, laws, or the presidents legal authority, it is also a central concept explaining change in the American presidency over time. Expectations gap – the diff between what the public expects presidents to do and what presidents are actually capable of doing. This idea suggests that there are limits to presidential power. Extra-constitutional powers – the roles, identified by Rossiter as “party chief” and “voice of the people,” which are not identified in the Const but nonetheless are important roles that pres now play. Favorite son – a candidate who runs for president essentially because he or she represents a particular state or sometimes region of the country Fireside chats – FDR radio communications with the public. Via radio, he talked to the American public as individuals in their homes and built a personal bond with them. (importance of utilizing tech, reinvent pres practices/(incr)public expectations
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midterm study guide - Activist presidency motivated by the...

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