PowerPoint_Chapter_7

PowerPoint_Chapter_7 - Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper 1...

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Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper - Econ 189 2 Civil Law vs. Criminal Law Civil Law vs. Criminal Law Procedure for criminal trial  Procedure for criminal trial   government decides   government decides  whether to prosecute; defendant has the right to a  whether to prosecute; defendant has the right to a  jury trial. jury trial. In a criminal suit, the court determines the guilt, so  In a criminal suit, the court determines the guilt, so  that a punishment can be given. that a punishment can be given. A felony is a serious crime, with a sentence of one  A felony is a serious crime, with a sentence of one  year or more in prison.  A misdemeanor is less  year or more in prison.  A misdemeanor is less  serious, often with a sentence of less than a year. serious, often with a sentence of less than a year. Civil law concerns the rights and liabilities between private parties; criminal law concerns those activities that society has outlawed.
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Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper - Econ 189 3 The Prosecution’s Case u Conduct Outlawed The prosecution must show that the defendant’s alleged activity is indeed illegal. u Burden of Proof The jury must believe beyond a reasonable doubt in order to convict. This is to protect innocent defendants from undeserved punishment.
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Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper - Econ 189 4 Actus Reus & Mens Rea Actus Reus & Mens Rea Actus Reus (means “the guilty act”) The defendant must have had a “guilty state of mind.” The prosecution must show that the defendant committed the act (not just talked about doing it). u Mens Rea (means “guilty state of mind”) General Intent – Required by most crimes; the defendant intended to do the illegal act they are accused of doing. Specific Intent – Some cases require that the defendant intended to do something beyond the act they are accused of.
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Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper - Econ 189 5 Defenses u Insanity A defendant who can prove he was insane at the time of the crime will be declared not guilty.
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PowerPoint_Chapter_7 - Kulper - Econ 189 Kulper 1...

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