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From Western Christendom to Western Civilization, 1650-1750

From Western Christendom to Western Civilization, 1650-1750...

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- From Western Christendom to Western Civilization, 1650-1750- 1. The Scientific Revolution, 1600-1700 -The birth of modern science. -It was thought in early times that the earth was the center of the universe. -The heliocentric theory: Copernicus (1473-1543) – Come up with his ideas from early civilizations. -Galileo (1564-1642) Trial, 1632 – Seen as the father of the modern scientific method. -The Scientific method: -a. experiment: controlled conditions -b. mathematics -Isaac Newton (1642-1727) - Found the acceleration due to gravity using the scientific method -Deism – God is the creator/designer of the universe. He designed it to run on these scientific principles, and doesn’t intervene. Newton and Galileo didn’t necessarily oppose Christianity; they just shared this different belief. 2. The Growth of the Modern State -Absolutism – A new form of Monarchy. A monarchy where the king rules absolutely, rather than relying on the nobility and families to share in the government. Power is concentrated in his hands. -By concentrating power in the hands of the king, a strong central government is created through the development of new institutions. This is what helps give way to modern government systems.
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