PSY100_learning10 - Introduction to Psychology Learning...

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Introduction to Psychology Learning
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Learning Learning refers to an enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience Distinct from Drug effects (caffeine-induced jitters are not learning) Fatigue or illness Three assumptions of learning theories Responses are learned rather than innate Learning is adaptive Our experiments can uncover the laws of learning These laws will apply to animals and to humans .
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Classical Conditioning The Russian physiologist Pavlov noted that reflexive salivation in dogs could be elicited by stimuli associated with feeding Reflex: Response that is reliably elicited by a stimulus Food elicits salivation Air puff elicits eye blink Reflexive stimulus and response are unconditioned Neutral stimulus is referred to as the conditioned stimulus (CS) CS is paired with the UCS over many trials Eventually comes to elicit a conditioned response (CR: resembles the UCR)
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Pavlov’s Experiment
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Acquisition and Extinction Acquisition of classical conditioning: Repeated pairings of CS and UCS Extinction: Refers to the
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PSY100_learning10 - Introduction to Psychology Learning...

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