PSY100_memory10 (2) - Introduction to Psychology Human...

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Introduction to Psychology Human Memory
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Lecture Outline 1) Encoding 2) Storage 3) Retrieval and Forgetting 4) Multiple memory systems
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Memory Memory is the process by which we observe, store, and recall information Memories may be visual, auditory, or tactile Memory processes may involve multiple systems Conscious Automatic
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Encoding Attention: - Spotlight analogy Sensory detection Recognition of meaning Response selection
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Levels of Processing Shallow processing - structural encoding (capital letters, what color, etc…) Intermediate processing - phonemic encoding (rhyming, homonyms, etc…) Deep processing - semantic encoding (meaning or symbolism)
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Facilitating Encoding Elaboration Visual Imagery Self Referential Encoding Rehearsal and Over-learning Deep and Transfer Appropriate processing Distributed practice Organize information
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Mnemonic Devices Verbal mnemonics: - acrostics, acronyms, and rhymes Visual mnemonics: - link method, method of loci, keyword - SQ3R
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Encoding Specificity Encoding specificity principle: Idea that ease of retrieval of a memory depends on match of encoding with retrieval Poor recall if shallow learning is examined using a deep processing technique
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PSY100_memory10 (2) - Introduction to Psychology Human...

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