PSY100_personality10 - Introduction to Psychology...

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Introduction to Psychology Personality
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Psychodynamic Views of Personality Freud invoked a role of unconscious processes in the control of behavior Based on his observations of clients Topographical model: argued for 3 levels of consciousness Conflict occurs between the different aspects of consciousness Requires compromise formation Id, ego, superego
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Freud’s Developmental Model Human behavior is motivated by two drives Aggressive Sexual Libido refers to pleasure-seeking and sensuality as well as desire for intercourse Libido follows a developmental course during childhood Stages of development Fixed progression of change from stage to stage Notion of fixation at a particular libidinal stage
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Freud’s Psychosexual Stages ORAL 0-18 mos Dependency ANAL 2-3 yrs Orderliness, cleanliness PHALLIC 4-6 yrs Parental Identification Oedipal complex Penis envy, castration complex LATENCY 7-11 yrs Sublimation of sexual and aggressive urges GENITAL 12+ yrs Mature sexuality and relationships STAGE AGE CONFLICTS AND CONCERNS
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Ego Defense Mechanisms Defense mechanisms are unconscious mental processes that protect the conscious person from anxiety Repression: anxiety-evoking thoughts are kept unconscious - Denial: person refuses to recognize reality - Projection: person attributes their own unacceptable impulses to others
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Ego Defense Mechanisms Reaction Formation: person converts an unacceptable impulse into the opposite impulse Sublimation: person converts an unacceptable
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PSY100_personality10 - Introduction to Psychology...

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