The-Kings-Regenerati - R Summary esidential intensification Case Studies Municipal Initiatives THE KINGS REGENERATION INITIATIVE(The

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Summary The plans relax planning and zoning requirements in two former industrial areas near downtown Toronto. Date Implemented: 1996 Key Outcomes: Eighty-six development projects are either built, under construction or are being planned in the two areas. Once built out, these projects will add 7,040 housing units. Background King-Spadina and King-Parliament, commonly referred to as the "Kings" because of the prominent role served by King St. in both areas, are adjacent to Toronto’s financial core (see Figure 1). Historically these areas served as manufacturing districts, but entered a period of decline in the 1970s that accelerated in the later 1980s and early 1990s as manufacturing activity migrated to suburban locations. The prevailing zoning regulations cast the Kings as traditional, heavy-industrial areas, prohibiting most other types of modern development activity. As the area declined, the City attempted to stimulate reinvestment for employment uses. Nonetheless, vacancy rates increased and property owners began to demolish buildings with heritage value in order to reduce realty taxes. By the mid-1990s, it was recognized that these districts could not compete as locations for manufacturing and interest was growing in loosening land use restrictions. In 1995, then Mayor Barbara Hall initiated a consultation process that resulted in the elimination of traditional land use restrictions and redesignation of these districts as "regeneration areas" to encourage reinvestment, create housing opportunities and offer creative spaces for new businesses. In April 1996, the Council of the former City of Toronto approved planning and zoning amendments to implement the new vision. Description and Goals The aim of the King-Parliament and King-Spadina Secondary (or neighbourhood) Plans was to "deregulate" land use in the affected areas, abandon the industrial policy strategy and base a new regulatory system on built form so as to encourage reinvestment for a broad range K-1 esidential intensification R THE “KINGS REGENERATION” INITIATIVE (The King-Parliament and King-Spadina Secondary Plans) Toronto, Ontario Municipal Initiatives Case Studies Figure 1: Location of the Kings Regeneration Areas Source: City of Toronto
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of compatible mixed land use. By shifting away from its historical vocation as a single-use industrial area and simplifying the planning regulatory framework, the City hoped to attract a mix of uses that would retain the physical and heritage character of the areas, reuse existing buildings, enhance public space, create jobs and encourage a synergy between employment and residential uses. The new planning approach included: as-of-right development permission within general height limits; maximum flexibility in land use policies to permit new buildings and conversions of existing buildings to almost any use; the removal of density restrictions; new built form regulations focusing on building height, massing and light, view and privacy
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2010 for the course GGR GGR taught by Professor Cowen during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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The-Kings-Regenerati - R Summary esidential intensification Case Studies Municipal Initiatives THE KINGS REGENERATION INITIATIVE(The

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