The Republican Revolution of 1911 h
began with the
on October 10, 1911 and ended with the abdication of
on February 12, 1912.
, leader of revolution
KMT or GMD (Guomindang), Nationalist Party
*, betrayal of revolution
, founding of GMD
May Fourth Movement*,
, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on
the Chinese government's weak response to the
Treaty of Versailles
, especially the
,* (movie), writer d. 36, critical attitude towards trad. values).
Treaty of Versailles, 1919, Paris
, Sino-Japan relations, Shandong Pen.
Marxism-Leninism, spread after May 4th.
Minobe Tatsukichi, the organ theory*,
was supreme, and even the
was only an “organ of the State
Yoshino Sakuzo, people's fundamentalism,
Kato Takaaki (Komei),* Universal manhood suffrage O