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Study Questions Biotechn

Study Questions Biotechn - otherwise 14 What is the Human...

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Study Questions Biotechnology 1. What is recombinant DNA? 2. What is genetic transformation? Describe at least 3 methods for achieving transformation. 3. What is a plasmid? How are plasmids used in biotechnology? 4. Explain these terms: restriction enzyme, vector, reverse transcriptase, DNA ligase. 5. What is gel electrophoresis? What is it used for? 6. On what basis does gel electrophoresis separate fragments? 7. What is DNA fingerprinting? Describe 2 uses of this technique. 8. What is PCR? Why is it so widely used? Describe at least 2 applications of this technique. 9. Describe at least 2 genetically engineered crops and the benefits of their alteration. 10. What are the potential problems with genetically modified crops? 11. Explain the process by which animals are genetically modified. 12. How are animals cloned? 13. What are some uses of genetically modified animals, both agricultural and
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Unformatted text preview: otherwise? 14. What is the Human Genome Project? What use can be made of this information? 15. How can a specific gene be identified among the entire genome? 16. What is gene therapy? Describe 2 methods of achieving gene therapy (ex vivo and in vivo ). 17. What are stem cells? Where are they obtained? 18. How could stem cells be used in medical treatments? 19, In your opinion, what are appropriate uses of genetic information? What are some inappropriate uses? How should inappropriate use be prevented? Study Questions Viruses 1. What components make up a virus? 2. Describe the infection cycle of a bacterial virus. 3. Describe the infection cycle of an animal virus. 4. Define these terms: lytic, lysogenic, retrovirus 5. How can viruses mutate? 6. Why is there so much concern about bird flu? 7. What is HIV? What is AIDS?...
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