This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 12. What is the genetic code? How does it provide evidence for a common origin of life? 13. What is a mutation? What can cause a mutation? 14. Explain why some mutations cause major disorders and others have no effect on phenotype. 15. Why are mechanisms to control gene expression necessary? 16. Explain which molecules these terms refer to and how they interact to control transcription: activator, enhancer, transcription factors. 17. How do eukaryotes control separate genes of a single metabolic pathway? 18. What is the major control point of gene expression in eukaryotes? Why? 19. What is alternative splicing of mRNA? What is the result? 20. In what ways is the process of translation used to control gene expression? 21. How does chromosome structure affect gene expression? 22. Which molecules in a cell constitute the genotype? Which molecules determine the phenotype? 23. Define gene. Why does this definition include DNA which is not translated into proteins?...
View Full Document