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SQ Cardiovascular - Study Questions on Cardiovascular...

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Study Questions on Cardiovascular System 1. The cardiovascular system consists of ___________ and ____________________ which work to distribute blood throughout the entire body. What conditions are being maintained by the cardiovascular system? Think in terms of homeostasis. (p163) 2. Blood vessel called _____________ carry blood away from the heart and ___________ carry blood toward the heart. Which carries oxygenated blood? (8.1, Fig 8.9) 3. Describe the similarities and differences in structure of arteries and veins. How does their structure make them fit for their purpose? (sec 8.1, Fig 8.1) 4. What is an aneurysm and why are they dangerous? (p163-164) 5. Vasoconstriction and vasodilation refer to what? These conditions are caused by action of ____________________________. (p164-165) 6. Capillaries are designed for maximum _________________________. Describe their structure and how each of the following substances are transported from blood to tissues: water, oxygen, sugars, proteins, leucocytes. (p165) 7. What force causes fluid to move out of capillaries? What force causes fluid to move back into capillaries? (p165) 8. What happens to any excess fluid left in the tissues?
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