Behaviorial Safety

Behaviorial Safety - 11/30/2009 Human Behavior and Injury...

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11/30/2009 1 William F Maloney Human Behavior and Injury Causation William F. Maloney CE 507 US Construction Accident Rate = 21% of total (BLS, 2003) 1 1126 (1) Fatalities 453,723 (403) Major injuries Heinrich’s Triangle 29 300 3,957,186,300 (E)? 13,190,621 (E)? Unsafe behaviours? Minor injuries < 3days @ 6,672,400 people this equates to everybody committing at least 593 unsafe behaviors per year, or 11.4 per week! Or 2 per day Accident Causation Model High-level decision makers Line management implementation Systemic Pathogens Pd i t i Fallible decisions Line management deficiencies Latent Failures Latent Failures Strategic level Latent Failures Tactical level Production Factors Accident Factors Adams (1976) Preconditions: People, Technology & Equipment Synchronised productive activities Defences & protective measures Loss Preconditions: for unsafe acts Unsafe acts Failed or absent defences Accident Operational level Active Failures Behavioural level Active Failures Defensive level Reason & Wreathall (1993) Weaver (1971) Heinrich (1931)
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11/30/2009 2 Safety Culture Model Internal Psychological Factors PERSON Safety Climate: Perceptual Audit CONTEXT External Observable Factors ORGANIZATION Safety Management System: Objective Audit JOB Safety Behaviour: Behavioral Safety Programs Defining Safety Culture Outcome Outputs Transformation Process Inputs The product of multiple goal directed interactions between people (psychological), jobs (behavioral) and the organization (Situational) Feedback Safety Values & beliefs Safety behavior Organisation of Safety Systems Company goals and management practices That observable degree of effort by which all organisational members direct their attention and actions to wards improving safety on a daily basis Safety Culture Collective Behavioral Commitment to Safety?
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11/30/2009 3 How do we stop unsafe behaviors from occurring? What do we Ans: Analyse unsafe behaviors need to do? Pinpoint desired safe behaviors How do we know Ans: Measure safe behaviors on daily basis how we are doing? Give feedback to people What's in it for you? Ans: No accidents / injuries Why People Do What They Do Antecedent (Trigger) Behavior Consequences Anything that gets people to act in a
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course CE 507 taught by Professor Maloney during the Fall '09 term at Kentucky.

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Behaviorial Safety - 11/30/2009 Human Behavior and Injury...

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