Owner's Role in Safety

Owner's Role in Safety - ZERO Accidents Owner’s Role in...

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Unformatted text preview: ZERO Accidents Owner’s Role in Safety © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Objectives • Understand various project characteristics that are associated with different safety performances. • Understand how contractors can be selected to enhance safety performance. • Understand how contractual requirements imposed on the contractor impact safety performance. • Understand how safety program requirements imposed Understand how safety program requirements imposed on on the contractor impact safety performance. • Describe effective ways that owners can be actively involved in the safety process during the construction phase. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 1 The Owner’s Influence on Project/Contractor Safety Performance Contractors Owners Designers Subcontractors Others Zero Incidents © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Background • Prior research has consistently indicated that owners play significant role in construction owners play a significant role in construction safety: safety: – Selection of contractors – Development of contract documents – Level of involvement during project execution of involvement during project execution • NIOSH supported this study. Source: CII Research Summary 190-1, 190The The Owners’ Role in Construction Safety © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 2 Methodology The Research Approach • Personal interviews – Owners’ Project Management – Contractor Project Management © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Source: CII Research Summary 190-1, 190The The Owners’ Role in Construction Safety Types of Projects New 50% Public 10.2% Private 89.8% Renovation 19% Shutdown 10% Combined 10% Maintenance 5% Manufacturing 32.2% Open Shop 32.2% Commercial 6.8% Civil work 1.7% Utilities 8.5% Petrochemical 50.8% © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Mixed 35.6% Union 32.2% 3 Size and Safety Performance • Average hours expended: 2.4 million hours • Average project cost: $380 million • Safety record: 1.95 RIR (injuries per 200,000 hours) Total Project Data Total project hours = 143 million hours Cost © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® = $21 billion Findings Relationship of RIR with: – Project characteristics – Selection of safe contractors – Contractual safety requirements – Owner’s involvement in safety management Owner involvement in safety management during during project execution © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 4 Project Characteristics © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Project Characteristics Research findings included: • Public and private projects • Design-build and other types of contracts Design• Shutdown projects and other project characteristics • Petrochemical, manufacturing, civil, etc. • Various types of labor arrangements • Differing numbers of workers • Differing numbers of shifts and days per week worked © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 5 Project Characteristics What type of owner? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.62 3.16 Private Public © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Project Characteristics What type of contract? 2.35 Recordable Incident Rate 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.15 DesignDesign-Build © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® General Contract 6 Project Characteristics Shutdowns versus other types of projects 2.91 Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.80 All Others © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Shutdowns Project Characteristics What type of facility? 5.00 4.00 3.00 1.83 Recordable Incident Rate Excluding Shutdowns Shutdowns 2.66 4.71 2.00 1.00 0.00 1.11 Petrochemical Manufacturing © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 7 Project Characteristics Labor arrangements in projects sampled 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.32 2.07 2.71 Recordable Incident Rate Open Shop Merit Shop Union © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Project Characteristics How many work-hours worked? work3.00 2.42 Recordable Incident Rate 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.72 1.45 100– 100–200 200– 200–1000 Over 1000 Hours (000) © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 8 Project Characteristics How many shifts? 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.44 2.80 Recordable Incident Rate One Two or Three © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Project Characteristics How many days worked per week? 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.54 Recordable Incident Rate 2.51 Four or Five Six or Seven © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 9 Selection of Safe Contractors © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Selection of Safe Contractors How important is safety in contractor review? (7 is most important) 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.69 2.33 Recordable Incident Rate 6 or 7 © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 5 or less 10 Selection of Safe Contractors Is EMR used to evaluate contractor safety performance? 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.45 2.13 Recordable Incident Rate No © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Yes Selection of Safe Contractors Is RIR used to evaluate contractor safety performance? 2.89 Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.50 1.91 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 11 Selection of Safe Contractors What is the highest acceptable RIR for contractor selection? Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.06 1.66 2.60 Less than 2.0 © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 2.0 or Greater None Set Selection of Safe Contractors Are personnel qualifications reviewed when contractor’s safety is evaluated? evaluated? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Safety Staff Project Mgmt. Team 1.79 1.50 3.04 2.60 Yes (42) © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No (14) 12 Selection of Safe Contractors Proactive Criteria • Qualifications of safety staff • Qualifications of project management team • Quality of the overall safety program © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Selection of Safe Contractors How many proactive criteria are used in contractor selection? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.58 2.45 3.07 Three © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Two or Fewer Safety Not A Criterion 13 Contractual Safety Requirements © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Contractual Safety Requirements Does the contract require at least one full-time fullsafety professional on site? 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.75 2.96 Recordable Incident Rate Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 14 Contractual Safety Requirements Does the owner approve contractor safety professionals? 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.52 3.01 Recordable Incident Rate Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No Contractual Safety Requirements Leading Indicators — Contractor Must: • Place at least one full-time safety representative fullon the project. • Submit the résumés of key safety personnel for the owner’s approval. • Provide specified minimum training for workers. • Submit a site-specific safety plan. site• Submit a safety policy signed by contractor CEO. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 15 Contractual Safety Requirements 3.00 1.94 1.33 2.00 1.00 0.00 3.00 RIR Contractor must provide specified minimum safety training to workers. Yes 1.32 No 2.30 RIR 2.00 1.00 0.00 3.00 Contractor must submit a sitesite-specific safety plan. Yes No 1.96 RIR 2.00 1.00 0.00 1.22 Contractor must submit a safety policy signed by CEO. Yes No © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Contractual Safety Requirements How many leading indicators are included in the contract? 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.22 1.99 2.77 Recordable Incident Rate Five © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Three or Four One or Two 16 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Safety Program Components • Emergency plan (medical and hazardous materials) plan (medical and hazardous materials) • Daily JSA (Job Safety Analysis) conducted on project site • Substance abuse program • Specific safety training program • Task-specific personal protective equipment (PPE) specific personal protective equipment (PPE) analysis analysis • Safety responsibility defined for all levels • Emergency response team maintained on the project © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 17 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Safety Program Components (continued) • Prime contractor’s employees to have 10-hour OSHA cards contractor employees to have 10 OSHA cards • OSHA specific regulations • Prime contractor’s supervisors to have CPR and first aid cards • Training on the hazards related to job tasks • Pre-project safety planning Pre• Conduct regular safety inspections • Incident reporting and investigation • Regular safety meetings (weekly, monthly, etc.) © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Elements Included in the Safety Program Substance Abuse Program Abuse Program 4.00 3.00 RIR 2.00 1.00 0.00 3.25 1.30 Daily Job Safety Analysis Job Safety Analysis 4.00 3.00 RIR 2.00 1.00 0.00 2.59 1.21 Yes No Yes No Emergency Plan Pl 4.00 3.00 RIR 2.00 1.00 0.00 © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 2.18 1.21 Yes No 18 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Owner’s Safety Involvement Initiatives • Monitor contractor’s safety program. • Maintain safety statistics. • Participate in safety recognition program. • Participate in orientation program. • Pre-project safety planning. re• Perform other safety activities. • Monitor key safety performance measures. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does the owner maintain injury statistics by contractor? by contractor? Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.52 2.50 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 19 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Are contractor injury statistics included in the owner safety performance? owner ’s safety performance? Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.57 2.59 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does the owner provide extra funds (outside the contract) to promote project safety? the contract) to promote project safety? Recordable Incident Rate 3.00 2.39 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.65 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 20 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does the owner participate in the safety recognition program? program? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.61 3.29 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Safety Orientation Methods • Contractor presentations • Owner presentations • Owner and contractor presentations © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 21 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Who participates in worker orientation? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.56 1.89 3.11 Owner and Contractor © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Owner Contractor Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does the owner require testing after the safety orientation? orientation? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.66 3.20 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 22 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Do owner’s representatives participate in safety and/or toolbox meetings? and/or toolbox meetings? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.67 3.33 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No Owner’s Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Key Activities of Owner Involvement • Enforce safety rules. • Review safety performance on site and submit reports to the home office. • Monitor pre-task analysis program. pre• Participate in safety recognition program. • Participate in safety and/or toolbox meetings. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 23 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution How many techniques does the owner implement? 5.00 3.99 Recordable Incident Rate 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 Five Four Three Two One 1.74 1.22 1.78 1.76 © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Key Measures Monitored by Owner • Close calls • Project safety inspection records © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 24 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does the owner’s representative regularly check the project’s close call rate? project close call rate? Recordable Incident Rate 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.22 2.18 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Does Does the owner’s safety representative check project safety inspection records? safety inspection records? Recordable Incident Rate 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 1.67 3.14 Yes © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® No 25 Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution Are close calls and job safety inspection reports monitored? monitored? Recordable Incident Rate 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 1.65 6.01 Both © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Neither Owner’s Involvement in Safety Management During Project Execution What What is the owner’s established goal for project RIR? 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.38 1.95 2.60 Recordable Incident Rate 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Zero © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Greater than zero No objective 26 Summary How owners can influence better project/contractor safety performance • Careful selection of contractor • Contractual safety requirements • Owner involvement during construction – Safety communication and involvement – Monitor safety performance safety performance – Safety training and orientation – Incident investigation and documentation – Physical safety inspections – Safety recognition program © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® Research Results Are Clear Project/contractor safety performance is significantly improved by increased is significantly improved by increased owner owner involvement. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 27 Summary We have: • Reviewed various project characteristics that are Reviewed various project characteristics that are associated associated with different safety performances. • Described how contractors can be selected to enhance safety performance. • Explained how contractual requirements imposed on the contractor impact safety performance. • Explained how safety program requirements imposed on the contractor impact safety performance. • Described effective ways that owners can be actively involved in the safety process during the construction phase. © 2006 Construction Industry Institute® 28 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course CE 507 taught by Professor Maloney during the Fall '09 term at Kentucky.

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