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Unformatted text preview: COMMUNICATION is a process through which people use messages to generate meanings within and across contexts, cultures, channels, and media (NCA, 2002). Process: over time, never stops- The source: The person who creates the message &lt;SENDER&gt;- Encoding: Organizing the message , choosing words and sentence structure, and verbalizing the message &lt;i.e. THINKING WITH A GOAL IN MIND, i.e. GREETING&gt; Goal: share meaning The barrier is called NOISE (psychological misunderstanding, interference)- The message: the content of the communication process (can be expressed verbally or non-verbally ). 10 ways to non-verbally communicate (appearance, silence, sleeping in class, nodding)- The receiver: the person who receives the message &lt;PROVIDES FEEDBACK&gt; -goes back and forth, changes roles- sender becomes receiver and vise versa- Decoding: the selective interpretation of the message by the receiver, based on their experience and attitudes (big source of misunderstanding ) -Experience would cause a math student and English student to have noise, preventing understanding- Feedback: the receivers response to the message. It could be verbal or non-verbal.- Noise: Anything that interferes with the communication process. -can be semantic (foreign accents, doctor jargon) -can be physical -can be psychological -Communication at 8 th grade level to reach more understanding- The context: It includes anything that influences the speaker, the audience, the speech, the occasion, or the situation. &lt;i.e. classroom versus the chimes restaurant is a PHYSICAL CONTEXT that makes for different understanding of the same info) -it can be temporal (time) like waiting to discuss something when someone isnt tired or just waking up (example of physical) -it can be cultural (different countries speak differently, some cultures dont look eachother in the eye, or never say no) -Social and psychological: gender and age affects communication (kids use slang and touch eachother more) Collectivistic (thinking of others) or individualistic (thinking of self)- Shared meaning: the mutual understanding of a message between speaker and audience. Speaker and listener co-create the meaning of the speech. &lt;GOAL&gt; -interpretation is the SAME Sender says early in the morning and receiver understands what that means We discussed several elements of the Communication Process: message , source , encoding , channel , receiver , decoding , feedback , noise , context , and shared meaning . Channels: phone, media, facebook, air (personal or face to face would...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course CMST 1061 taught by Professor Hebert during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08