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$35,000 $30,000 1 yr. % change 2000 to 2001 10.2 % Others Japanese corporations US corporations 1.2 %
agchem agchem agbio/ seed $25,000 +12.9 % $20,000
$15,000 agbio/ seed $10,000 $5,000 European corporations 1.0 % agchem $0 1991 2001 Data Sources: Wood Mackenzie Agrochemicals, in Chemistry & Industry, November 1993 and Phillips McDougall, AgriFutura Newsletter, March 2002 Innovative capacity: comparing citation based indices of comparing patent quality patent Behavioral evidence: Behavioral Double standards for the Double “precautionary principle”? “precautionary Double standards applied to intra-EU trade Double
relations and external EU trade relations (Majone, 2003) (Majone, As applied to chemicals vs. biotechnologies? As Possible metrics? Sources? Behavioral evidence: Behavioral Conspicuous industry absence from Conspicuous policy process? policy
“When GM products came to the market in When Europe, we were faced with contradictory statements or even silence both from regulators and from industry. This contributed substantially to the lack of confidence now present.” to
DirkArie Toet Nestec Ltd., 2001 Conclusions Regulate not ban technologies Effective &trusted regulation essential Effective
for innovation for Reform IPR introduce clearing house. Compensate for biogiversity Continue support for public research...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course ECON C125 taught by Professor Zelberman during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '09
- Environmental Economics