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Millions 35000 30000 1yrchange 2000to2001 102 others

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Unformatted text preview: millions $35,000 $30,000 1 yr. % change 2000 to 2001 ­10.2 % Others Japanese corporations US corporations ­1.2 % agchem agchem agbio/ seed $25,000 +12.9 % $20,000 $15,000 agbio/ seed $10,000 $5,000 European corporations ­1.0 % agchem $0 1991 2001 Data Sources: Wood Mackenzie Agrochemicals, in Chemistry & Industry, November 1993 and Phillips McDougall, AgriFutura Newsletter, March 2002 Innovative capacity: comparing citation based indices of comparing patent quality patent Behavioral evidence: Behavioral Double standards for the Double “precautionary principle”? “precautionary Double standards applied to intra-EU trade Double relations and external EU trade relations (Majone, 2003) (Majone, As applied to chemicals vs. biotechnologies? As Possible metrics? Sources? Behavioral evidence: Behavioral Conspicuous industry absence from Conspicuous policy process? policy “When GM products came to the market in When Europe, we were faced with contradictory statements or even silence both from regulators and from industry. This contributed substantially to the lack of confidence now present.” to ­ Dirk­Arie Toet Nestec Ltd., 2001 Conclusions Regulate not ban technologies Effective &trusted regulation essential Effective for innovation for Reform IPR introduce clearing house. Compensate for biogiversity Continue support for public research...
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