judiciary - • suing for a damage versus government...

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Judicial System
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State Trial Courts (Superior Courts) State Courts of Appeals State Supreme Court Federal District Courts Federal Courts of Appeals U.S. Supreme Court Court System at least 1 per county at least 1 per state CA has 4
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Federal Judges selected by President confirmed by the Senate lifetime tenure a lawyer, usually with political experience
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State Judges usually elected, in CA 6 to 12 year terms but usually begin career by being appointed by the governor, and then run with little opposition are political activists
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Legal System British-American case law, not code law precedent and stare decisis Marbury v. Madison and “judicial review” courts judge the constitutionality of all government actions
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Limits on Judicial Power Judges have to wait for a case to come to them legislature can revise laws Limited power of enforcement
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Some key legal terms civil and criminal
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Unformatted text preview: • suing for a damage, versus government punishing with a fine or imprisonment • misdemeanor and felony • a crime punishable by one year or less imprisonment versus more Recent trends in the USSC • Warren Ct (1953-69) • “heroic” period of the liberal “activist” court • desegregation, privacy, free speech, rights of the accused • Berger Ct (1969-86) • narrowing some landmark liberal decisions, but extending others • Rehnquist Ct (1986-2005) • holding off a major change in direction--but often by only one vote • Roberts Ct (2006- ) ?? Present US Supreme Ct • Samuel Alito • John Roberts • Stephen Breyer • Ruth Bader Ginsberg • Clarence Thomas • David Souter • Anthony Kennedy • Antonin Scalia • John Paul Stevens • One woman, one black, two Jews, five Catholics, seven Republicans...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course PLSC 200 taught by Professor Diamond during the Spring '10 term at Skyline College.

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judiciary - • suing for a damage versus government...

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