federalismus - Lecture 4 Federalism Concept of Federalism...

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Lecture 4: Federalism
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Concept of Federalism Federal vs Unitary Fed State Concurrent powers
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Division of powers What areas are exclusively federal responsibilities? coin money, wage war, regulate immigration and citizenship What areas are exclusively or mostly state responsibilities? establish local governments, ratify constitutional amendments, education What areas are concurrent? Tax, borrow money, set up courts
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Advantages of a decentralized federal system? Better reflects local or regional differences example: minimum wage allows for experimentation example: Oregon’s assisted suicide?
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Disadvantages of federalism can inhibit trade and mobility example: state tuition can promote a race to the bottom example: lower state taxes, lax environmental laws
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Gibbons v Ogden (1824) Facts of the case Result: Ct. interpreted “interstate commerce” broadly, giving greater power to Congress and the federal government.
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Civil War
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