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Early CA history - Early California History Pre-European...

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Early California History
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Pre-European California 400,000 Native Americans small bands, linguistically diverse mostly peaceful technologically and politically primitive
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Europeans Arrive--1500s The legend of Queen Califia Cabrillo and Drake explore the coast
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Spanish settlement of Alta California--1770-1821 Junipero Serra’s Franciscans found 21 missions and the military establish 4 presidios to strengthen Spain’s claim– against, Britain, US, and Russia.
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Mexican Period 1821-48 Mexican independence from Spain Discontinuing support for missions Establishing a “nobility” based on land grant ranchos 1846 “Bear Flag” rebellion
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From Mexico to US Mexican-American War breaks out in 1846 over annexation of Texas Mexico forced to cede California and much of the West for about $15,000,000.
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Mexican perspective: los ninos heroes de Chapultepec
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Gold Rush 1849 population booms 30 fold in 6 years and becomes 80% Euro-American
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Statehood
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