7 democracy - etc • Fall of Communism • South Africa...

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Democratization In 1900, there were no states with universal adult suffrage--today more than half do
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Huntington’s Waves of Democracy--first wave 1828-1926 Before WWI: U.S., Britain and settler colonies, France, Scandinavia, Italy, Argentina Then after WWI, post-Imperial Europe: Weimar Germany, Poland, Austria, Baltics, Czechoslovakia, plus Spain, Chile
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First reverse wave 1922-42 Fascism, Soviet expansion
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Second Wave 1943-62 Fall of fascism Germany, Italy, Austria, Japan and many others--Korea, several in Latin America, India, Nigeria
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Second reverse wave 1958-1973 tensions of cold war, failures of new democracies, one-party model, rise of “bureaucratic authoritarianism” Greece, Turkey, Philippines, Korea, Indonesia, India, Africa, Latin America
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Third Wave--1974- Last non-Communist European non- democracies fall--Spain, Portugal, Greece Latin American non-democracies transition out Asia--Taiwan, Korea, Philippines, India,
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Unformatted text preview: etc. • Fall of Communism • South Africa, Nigeria Who left? • China and some of Asia • Most of Africa • Most Muslim nations What contributes to countries becoming democratic? • culture • education • wealth •--based on commerce and a middle class, not resources The End of History? • Communism, Fascism discredited • only democracy legitimate? • other possibilities? • Islamic fundamentalist? • Asian values? • community and family over individual • order and harmony over personal freedom • Is democracy a universal good? Putnam on Social Capital • measuring governmental effectiveness in Italy • wealth • education • social capital • same results in America--the heart of social capital • places/people with social capital are wealthier, healthier, happier, and more democratic • disappearance of social capital--Bowling Alone...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course PLSC 130 taught by Professor Diamond during the Spring '10 term at Skyline College.

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7 democracy - etc • Fall of Communism • South Africa...

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