4 Colonialism and Imperialism

4 Colonialism and Imperialism - Colonialism Colonialism...

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Colonialism Colonialism
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Colonial Conquests: the new World 1492 Columbus’ discovery 1493 Pope Alexander VI divides New World between Spain and Portugal— largely ignored Conquest, forced labor, and disease—10- 100 million dead 1550 Debate at Valladolid—do Indians have souls?
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Drawing from Bartolome de Las Casas’ work
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Latin American Colonial Independence Spurred by American example, independence movements sweep much of Latin America from 1810-1820
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Colonialism in Asia: India Beginning 1490s, colonized by many European powers By 1750s, Britain predominant European power, ruling by means of the East India Company
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Negligent famine In 1750s and then 1870s incompetence by British led to famines killing millions
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Attempting to Overthrow the British Raj 1857 “Sepoy Rebellion” “first war of Independence” was crushed
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Gandhi and the Congress Party 1920 Gandhi calls for boycott of British goods, refuse to pay taxes, peaceful protest Calls it off when crowd kills police—through fasting 1930 Gandhi leads “salt march” Growing rift between Congress and Muslim League—advocate a split
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War and Independence Britain (without consultation) enters India in WWII, as they had WWI
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course PLSC 130 taught by Professor Diamond during the Spring '10 term at Skyline College.

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4 Colonialism and Imperialism - Colonialism Colonialism...

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