3 rise of ultranationalism and WWII

3 rise of ultranationalism and WWII - German Expansion •...

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Rise of ultra-nationalism and WW II
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1920s in Germany The new democracy is saddled with admitting responsibility, giving up reparations and territory, and suffering inflation. When Germany is unable to make payments, French occupy the Ruhr German state prints more money to pay its bills
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German Marks needed to buy one US dollar: 1919 April--12 December--47 1921 November--263 1922 July--493 December--7,000 1923 January--17,000 July--53,000 August--4,621,000 October--25,260,000,000 November--2,193,600,000,000 December--4,200,000,000,000
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1930’s--Depression and increase of nationalism rise of militant nationalism--”fascism”--in Germany, Italy, and Japan
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In Germany Depression hits especially hard 1932 Hitler and Nazis claiming Germany had been “stabbed in the back” in WWI and after, gains about 1/3 of electorate January 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor February—responding to mysterious Reichstag fire, receives emergency powers, ending the democracy
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Burning of the Reichstag 1933 and Kristallnacht 1938
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Unformatted text preview: German Expansion • Under Hitler, Germany rebuilds military • 1938 Germany annexes Austria, justified with bogus plebiscite • Then invades Czechoslovakia • France and England do nothing--for “peace in our time” World War II begins • Hitler-Stalin Pact allows partition of Poland between Soviet Union and Germany • 1939 they invade, and Britain and France declare war • 1940 Germany occupies France • 1941 Germany attacks Soviet Union • months later, Japan attacks at Pearl Harbor In the East • since 1910 Japan had colonized Korea • 1931 Japan occupied Manchuria • 1937 Japan invades China proper “Asian holocaust” • the rape of Nanking • unit 731--American cover-up • “comfort women” • Induced famine in Vietnam and Indonesia Continuing anti-Japanese sentiment in China Axis powers--Germany, Italy, Japan Allies--Britain, France, then Soviet Union, and United States 1945 Allies victorious in Europe, then Japan • Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course PLSC 130 taught by Professor Diamond during the Spring '10 term at Skyline College.

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3 rise of ultranationalism and WWII - German Expansion •...

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