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Unformatted text preview: Ecotourism Ecotourism
Ecological Tourism, Economic Ecological Tourism, or Both? Tourism, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2DKqivqiu_A Commonly Accepted Definition of Ecotourism Definition “Nature based tourism that involved the Nature interpretation, education, and is managed to be ecologically sustainable (recognizing that the ‘natural environment includes cultural components and that ecologically sustainable involves an appropriate return to the community and long term conservation of the resource).” Commonwealth
Department of Tourism 1995 Department Another Commonly Accepted Definition of Ecotourism Definition “Ecotourism is Ecotourism ecologically sustainable tourism that fosters environmental and cultural understanding, appreciation and conservation.”
Ecotourism Association of Australia 1991 Australia Components of Ecotourism Components Ecotourism features interpretation and Ecotourism education Ecotourism incorporates cultural Ecotourism considerations considerations Ecotourism is ecologically sustainable Meets the needs of the present generation without Meets compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs from the same source There is net return/benefit to the local There community community Principals of Ecotourism Principals
1. Focuses on personally experiencing Focuses natural areas in ways that lead to greater understanding and appreciation greater eg. guided walks through surrounding eg. natural areas with informative and entertaining commentary that focuses on the natural values of the area the Principals of Ecotourism Principals
1. Integrates opportunities to understand Integrates natural areas into each experience natural eg. availability of reference material, eg. interpretive signage along walking trails interpretive 2. Represents best practice for Represents ecologically sustainable tourism ecologically eg. minimal disruption to wildlife and native eg. vegetation vegetation Principals of Ecotourism Principals
1. Positively contributes to the ongoing Positively conservation of natural areas conservation eg. assistance with fauna and flora surveys 2. Provides constructive ongoing contributions Provides to local communities to eg: purchase of local goods, contributions to local eg: environment groups environment Principals of Ecotourism Principals
1. Sensitive to, interprets, and involves Sensitive different cultures, particularly indigenous culture indigenous eg. traditional custodians are consulted eg. about the nature and scope of the operation operation eg. informal feedback on client satisfaction eg. is sought and indicates that the majority of clients are satisfied with this experience clients 2. Consistently meets client expectations Principals of Ecotourism Principals
1. Marketing is Marketing accurate and leads to realistic expectations expectations eg. whales on the eg. cover of a desert tour brochure are not likely to lead realistic expectations! expectations! Benefits of Ecotourism Benefits Economic development and diversification, Economic particularly in regional areas. particularly The tendency for greater expenditure and The length of stay by ecotourists (compared to tourists generally). tourists More Benefits of Ecotourism More The generation of income for conservation and The management of national parks and other public land. land. Quality employment opportunities utilizing local Quality knowledge. knowledge. Benefits Continued Benefits Fastest growing Fastest proportion of the global tourism industry industry 20% in 2000 Foreign exchange Foreign earnings earnings Education and Education appreciation of natural heritage heritage Jobs & Revenue ecotourism' hotels, ecotourism' adventure companies and travel agencies Profile of an Ecotourist: Profile
What are they looking for? Ecotourists generally seek out travel Ecotourists experiences that involve: experiences Areas or attractions of natural beauty Small group sizes and away from crowds Interaction with other people who are Interaction preferably like minded and compatible preferably Some level of interaction with the environment Some degree of information and learning Fun and enjoyment Are they really Ecotourists? Are “Godsend to a disillusioned and wavering Godsend sector of tourism consumers” (www.ecoescapes.co.uk/eco-n002.php) (www.ecoescapes.co.uk/eco-n002.php “Ecotourists” or “Egotourists” Ecotourists” Egotourists feel that their holidays are in some way Egotourists benefiting the environment or the culture they impact upon during their holiday. For example British Airways has launched a new For scheme, backed by the government, where its customers can volunteer to help to offset the carbon dioxide emissions from their flight by making a contribution to an environmental trust. contribution “Classificatory Struggle” (Bourdieu, 1984) Social classification through commodities Lifestyles Age 58, retired World Bank agricultural economist Meet a member of the new "whoopie" club - wealthy, healthy, older people. Like many ecotourists they are from the rich industrialized countries, aged between 44 and 64 years of age, and this growing elitist club has "been there and done that.“ The packed beaches of the mass tourist resort are not for them. According to a survey carried out by the USbased financial company American Express, these travelers have exhausted traditional destinations and are now in search of original, preferably pristine destinations. As the gap widens between retirement and death, and an ageing population grows, these rich people are destined to make up the core of future ecotravelers.
(Panos, 1995) Age 33, teacher Partner also working, vegetarian, and ecofriendly, donates to Third World charities. Meet the North's sensitive soul. A member of the liberal middle classes, who have grown more environmentally aware. For these people various eco-travel operators seem to offer the exotic destination, but in a way that can help the local economy and not be too disruptive to the environment. And in a busy, do-gooding life, a laid-on tour is convenient. Age 20, student Meet what some observers call the "curriculum vitae builders", or "ego-tourists". Young Northerners who may be more mindful of environmental issues and who take off for longer holidays in the Third World, searching for a style of travel which reflects an "alternative" life style. Many will backpack, others will join tours that explore the last great wildernesses. What they have in common with all other ecotourists is the necessary capital to embark on the adventure. However, ecotourists from the rich countries are joined by more and more people in the South as incomes increase for many and interests grow in cultural and national heritages of countries at home and abroad. The Myth of Ecotourism The No Clear Definition of Ecotourism No Internationally Recognized Accreditation No Standard Standard What “Ecotourism” Often Means Means Green Light for Development Displacement Increased Environmental Impact Cultural Degradation Ecotourism Logic Ecotourism Often Incompatible goals “take only pictures, leave only footprints” take Versus “worlds largest industry” Versus Sustainable Growth? Belize Belize On paper most of Belize’s land is On designated “protected” designated Pro-Free Market (UDP) Government Pro-Free used the concept of sustainability to promote tourism promote Held World Ecotourism Conferences 50% of attendees from Belize were 50% Canadian or American expats Belize Belize Large expatriate ownership of Large resorts (US & Canadian) resorts Allows easier violation of enviro Allows laws laws Development of Ambergris Development Caye Caye 20,000 sq. acres 7,500 acres dev. (US-AID) 1 Intl Hotel 2 All-Inclusive Spa Hotels 1,000 Luxury Homes 2 Golf Courses Polo Field Polo Stables Be Aware… Be “Ecolabeling” or “Green washed” Ecolabeling” businesses Ecotourism Supply often costs the tourist Ecotourism more but the supplier less. more http://www.ecoescapes.co.uk/eco-n002.php http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/eco15.htm Responsible Tourism Guidelines Choose realistic objectives and targets. Use clear benchmarks to measure and report on your progress. Work with trade associations, local people and government to achieve your objectives. Use responsible tourism as part of your marketing strategy. Show your progress to staff and clients. Economic Guidelines Assess economic impacts before developing tourism. Maximize local economic benefits by increasing linkages and reducing leakages. Ensure communities are involved in and benefit from tourism. Assist with local marketing and product development. Promote equitable business and pay fair prices. Social Guidelines Involve local communities in planning and decision making. Assess social impacts of tourism activities. Respect social and cultural diversity. Be sensitive to the host culture. Environmental Guidelines Reduce environmental impacts when developing tourism. Use natural resources sustainably. Maintain biodiversity http://video.google.ca/videosearch?q=ecotour&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTFhttp://video.google.ca/videosearch?q=ecotour&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#q=ecotour&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv&start=10 http://video.google.ca/videosearch?q=ecotour&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#q=ecotour&oe=utf8&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv&start=10 http://video.google.ca/videoplay?docid=-351 http://video.google.ca/videosearch? q=Camel+Jumping&hl=en&emb=0# In-class discussion In-class Create a vacation that meets all the Create principles of ecotourism. principles Remember to include as many aspects of a Remember trip as possible trip i.e. transportation, lodging, cultural sites, food… What will be the most difficult aspect to What make sustainable/low impact? Remember to address the economic, sociocultural, and environmental impacts ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2010 for the course REC 280 taught by Professor Cullen during the Winter '10 term at Waterloo.
- Winter '10