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lecture13_june21 - PLEASE NOTE The Registrar Office has now...

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PLEASE NOTE The Registrar Office has now scheduled all Final Examinations PSYCH 207 Saturday August 13 th 4pm-6:30pm In RCH 307, 308, 309
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Concepts & Categorization Text: Chapter 7
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Definitions Concept: “A mental representation that is used for a variety of cognitive functions, including memory, reasoning, and using and understanding language” – Goldstein “A mental representation of some object, event, or pattern that has stored in it much of the knowledge typically thought relevant to that object, event or pattern” – Galotti
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Definitions Categorization: “process by which things are placed into groups called categories” – Goldstein Category: a class or a group of similar things (objects or entities)
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Functions of Categorization Understand individual cases you have not seen before & make inferences about them reduces complexity of environment 20 questions game requires less learning/memorization guide to appropriate action Snow in Cuba vs. Waterloo, Ont. order and relate classes (hierarchy) Allows interpretation
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Creating Concepts The Classical View The Prototype View Other Views The Exemplar View The Schemata View The Knowledge-Based View Learning Concepts
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Classical View of Categories Category membership determined by a set of defining (necessary and sufficient) properties
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