lecture13_june21

lecture13_june21 - PLEASE NOTE • The Registrar Office has...

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Unformatted text preview: PLEASE NOTE • The Registrar Office has now scheduled all Final Examinations • PSYCH 207 – Saturday August 13 th 4pm-6:30pm – In RCH 307, 308, 309 Concepts & Categorization Text: Chapter 7 Definitions • Concept: – “A mental representation that is used for a variety of cognitive functions, including memory, reasoning, and using and understanding language” – Goldstein – “A mental representation of some object, event, or pattern that has stored in it much of the knowledge typically thought relevant to that object, event or pattern” – Galotti Definitions • Categorization: – “process by which things are placed into groups called categories” – Goldstein • Category: – a class or a group of similar things (objects or entities) Functions of Categorization • Understand individual cases you have not seen before & make inferences about them • reduces complexity of environment – 20 questions game • requires less learning/memorization • guide to appropriate action – Snow in Cuba vs. Waterloo, Ont. • order and relate classes (hierarchy) – Allows interpretation Creating Concepts • The Classical View • The Prototype View • Other Views – The Exemplar View – The Schemata View – The Knowledge-Based View • Learning Concepts Classical View of Categories • Category membership determined by a set of defining (necessary and sufficient) properties –...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2010 for the course PSYCH 207 taught by Professor Lodson during the Spring '05 term at Waterloo.

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lecture13_june21 - PLEASE NOTE • The Registrar Office has...

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