Group 1 Concept 1- 4 Concept/Field Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept/Title Territory and territorialism/ territorialist methodThe 5 scapes and flowsAppadurai’s comprehensive understanding of globalizationDeterritorializationAuthor (year) (Scholte 2002) (Appadurai 1990) Neil Conner, 2014 and Arjun Appadurai, 1990 Arjun Appadurai, 1990 Arjun Appadurai (1990) Definition from text Territorialism: Macro social space is wholly organized in terms of units such as districts, towns, provinces, countries, religion. Today: social connections/ relations are often substantially detached from a territorial logic (Scholte 2002) and are not a function of a ‘trait- geography’ (Appadurai 1990). The transborder space created from social One approach capable of analyzing these routes is by utilizing the global cultural flows (ethnos- cape, ideoscape, mediascape, technoscape, and financespace) discussed by Appadurai (1996). These flows which are increasingly becoming part of our daily lives ‘are the building blocks of what [Appadurai] would like to call imagined worlds, that is, the multiple worlds that are Approaches ongoing transformation processes by ways of rethinking the relation between territory and social relations between people. Globalization is: A Scalar dynamic of interaction and exchange between social actors in disjointed positions that creastes a complex, overlapping, disjunctive Deterritorialization contributes to the creation of overseas markets (often in diasporic communities) for domestic film companies. These invented homelands can often become sufficiently one-sided that they can lead to ethnic conflicts.
relations can not be captured by place- based methodologies: neither by methodological territorialism nor by methodological nationalism constituted by the historically situated imaginations of persons and groups spread around the globe’ (Appadurai 1996: 33; emphasis in the original). order that create emergent, uneven, contracting and extending open social structures. The open structures cannot be understood in terms of bipolar definitions such as centre/periphery, homogenization / heterogenization Definition in own words Territorialism:People have most of their interactions and affiliations with others who share the same territorial space: oThe same village, country, continent… oPeople identify place primarily in relation to territorial locations oGeographical distance Global cultural flows are people, technologies, techniques, ideas and ideologies, images and messages in motion. A ‘-scape’is a socially created space or formation (landscape ‘-scape’ minus ‘land’) Series of flows create Globalization is a disjunctive series of scapes Social actors in disjointed positions interactions -> creating open social structures Tension between homogenization and heterogenization Deterritorializationrefers to the weakening of ties between a location and the cultural entities such as people, objects, languages, or traditions associated with that location.
between places influences frequency of contact Ethnoscapes Technoscapes