2 - african history

2 - african history - Ancient Egypt: The First African...

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Unformatted text preview: Ancient Egypt: The First African Empire Egyptology and Orientalism The Empires of North and East Africa Kush or Nubia, 2700 700 BCE Intertwined with Egyptian History Akskum, 0+/- to around 700 CE Birthplace of Coptic Christianity Carthage, 814 BCE-146 BCE- The Major Rival to Rome in the Mediterranean Carthage, 814 BCE-146 BCE- The Major Rival to Rome in the Mediterranean Europe and the Representation of African Empires Greece and Rome had contact with Egypt as early as Western Europe began to expand out into a largely unknown world about 1095- 1291CE during the era of the Crusades EUROPES BEGINNINGS OF THE IMPERIAL AGE Portugal trading with Africa by 1419, South Edward Said and Orientalism: Post-Colonial Scholars Talk Back The Terms The Orient signifies a system of representations framed by political forces that brought the Orient into Western learning, Western consciousness, and Western empire. The Orient exists for the West, and is constructed by and in relation to the West. It is a mirror image of what is inferior and alien ("Other") to the West. Orientalism is "a manner of regularized (or Orientalized) writing, vision, and study, dominated by imperatives, perspectives, and ideological biases ostensibly suited to the Orient." It is the image of the 'Orient' expressed as an entire system of thought and scholarship. Latent Orientalism is the unconscious, untouchable certainty about what the Orient is. Its basic content is static and unanimous. The Orient is seen as separate, eccentric, backward, silently different, sensual, and passive. It has a tendency towards despotism and away from progress. It displays feminine penetrability and supine malleability. Its progress and value are judged in terms of, and in comparison to, the West, so it is always the Other, the conquerable, and the inferior. Manifest Orientalism is what is spoken and acted upon. It includes information and changes in knowledge about the Orient as well as policy decisions founded in Orientalist thinking. It is the expression in words and actions of Latent Orientalism. Why This Matters Western History and Scholarship has depicted colonized cultures as having a glorious past and decadent/ degraded present where progress has long since ceased. Therefore, it is the Wests given mission to possess and uplift these cultures. The West is the inheritor of Ancient Eastern and African history and traditions of Civilization and therefore, in social Darwinist thinking, the next step in social evolution. Long, Long Ago in a Galaxy Eerily Nearby . . . The Way the Middle East and, by extension, Northern Africa (Nubia, Egypt and Carthage) are portrayed by European Empires (roughly 1600 Present....
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2010 for the course HIST 242 taught by Professor Carlson during the Spring '10 term at Canada College.

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2 - african history - Ancient Egypt: The First African...

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