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AGB 401 Petrela REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR MIDTERM Most of them have tentative answers to guide you, the rest can be found on the posted lecture notes, Rosenberg e-book, and student presentations. However, you are responsible for answering all of them. The Midterm questions will have the form of short essays and/or true/false questions. Topics from Martin’s book, lecture notes and student presentations 1. What makes agriculture industry different from other industries? 2. What makes California agriculture different from the rest of the country? Agriculture is responsible for 1 out of 10 jobs in the state California sold $36.5 billion of agricultural products in 2007 USDA/NASS, Sept. 2008 According to CDFA, 400 different agriculture products are produced in CA California leads the nation in 81 crop and livestock products Top 3 states are: California, Texas, and Iowa; Fresno is CA leading county Top 10 products in California: 11. Milk and Cream ($4.48 B) 22. Grapes, All ($3.7 B) 33. Nursery Products ($3.01 B) 4 4. Cattle & Calves ($2.9 B) 55. Almonds ($ 2.5 B) 66. Lettuce ($1.8 B) 77. Strawberries ($ 1.3 B ) 88. Oranges ($1.5 B) 99. Hay ($1.04 B) 1
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AGB 401 Petrela 10 10. Chickens ($890 Million) 11 12 The average size of a CA farm* is 345 acres (CDFA) The average size of a U.S . farm is 444 acres (2002 CoA) C CA farms and ranches are 77% family owned (sole proprietorships) C There are approximately 88,000 farms and ranches in CA (CDFA) California exports 31% of the value of its agricultural production (USDA 2008) , The three main export destinations are: European Union, Canada and Japan California top export products are: almonds, wine, dairy and products, cotton, and table grapes Structure of California Farms: 88,000 farms, Large/very large 15.5% medium 9.1% and small 75.4% Small = Less than $100,000 in Sales Large = over 250k in sales Medium 100k-250k California’s net cash income per farm is 74,469 The United states net cash income per farm is 19,032 15% of the farms produce 85% of the total value of production Larger operations continue to grow in size, efficiency and vertical integration Smaller operations either grow, find a niche market or quit Why is California the leader in U.S. agricultural production? Production of high value, specialty crops : made possible by: Climate –mild, year-round cropping, variety of climate regions to grow wide range of crops Labor –availability of large pool of laborers, primarily from immigrants Irrigation –makes agriculture possible in areas that were previously desert Technology –high levels of capital 3. Stylized facts about California agriculture 4. 3 C’s of Farm Labor 5. 3 R’s of farm labor market 6. Farm Worker Employment and Characteristics 7. History of Migrants groups and their characteristics 8. Generational Diversity: today’s generations in the workplace and ways to build good communications among them 9. Legal environment in labor relations
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2010 for the course BUS bus 215 taught by Professor Dr.john during the Spring '10 term at Brown Mackie College.

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