Head Smashed In Excavation Report

Head Smashed In Excavation Report - Table 3:...

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Unformatted text preview: Table 3: Lithical/Geological Remains Table 2: Miscellaneous/Charcoal Remains Table 1: Faunal Remains Found near broken remains of large bones: possibly a hammerstone Table 4: Ceramic Remains Figure 1: Absolute Dating of Faunal and Ceramic Remains Table 5: Faunal Remains T Figure 2: Absolute Dating of Faunal Remains Head Smashed In Excavation Report Stella Wagner 10022804 Arky 201 B01 Shawn Morton 1 Excavation Report Introduction Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump is a historical landmark, located in Southern Alberta at Borden location DkPj, Legal location 14-6-8-27 W4, Geographic location 49 4458N, 113 3729W, and UTM location 12U UL 309 800 m E, 12U UL 5 509 500 m N. It is located where the foothills begin to rise from the prairie towards the Rocky Mountains, 18 km northwest of Fort Macleod , Alberta , Canada on highway 785. The site is found at the South end of the Porcupine Hills and covers over 1400 acres, including the Gathering Basin, the Kill Site, and a Camp and Processing Area. The gathering Basin is a large Drainage Basin approximately 40 square kilometers (west of the cliffs that has plenty of water and, consequently, attracted many bison. The Gathering Basin also included drive lanes, to guide the bison to the kill site, and various visual obstructions to keep the stampede oblivious to the oncoming cliff. The Kill Site would consist of 10-18 meter high cliffs, where buffalo carcass remains could be found up to 11 meters deep. The Processing site would e nearby the bottom of the cliff where they would quickly process the hundreds of carcass before they spoil. With nearly 6000 years of continuous practice, the total kill deposit is close to 457,200 cubic meters. It sits at an elevation of 1005 meters 1 . In foothills such as this, desiccation by wind and low precipitation (typically 18 inches annually) appear to be the main factors determining present vegetation. Lupines, oatgrass, and Idaho fescue occur commonly, as well as an abundance of various species of dry 2 bunch grasses. The purpose of excavation is to determine the specifications of the cultural practices related to the jump, including methods of enticing stampede, butchering selection and methods, etcetera. In this case, there is scheduled development and major construction to create a bus facility at Head Smashed In, and two test excavations were listed to determine whether these propositions should proceed as planned. Methods Excavations at Locality 1 and 2 were both conducted using a trowel and dustbin. The corners of the sites were measured and recorded in depth according to a preassigned datum. Soil, (in these cases sand), was removed in small amounts, keeping the surface level, and removing equal layers at a time. Upon possible discovery of an artifact, the soil was removed consistently around the object until level with the bottom of the object. At this point, measurements were taken to properly document Northing and Easting of the object. Then the artifact is properly document Northing and Easting of the object....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2010 for the course ARKY 201 taught by Professor Dr.hannigan during the Fall '08 term at University of Calgary.

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Head Smashed In Excavation Report - Table 3:...

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