Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia - Southeast Asia Population Indicators in...

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Southeast Asia Population Indicators in Summary o Does not have the population pressures of East or South Asia. o Population contrasts o Growth and Migration Setting the Boundaries o Two sub regions: Mainland and Insular o 11 countries o 10 in Association of Southeast Asian nations (ASEAN) o Formerly known as Indochina Highlights influence of India and China Physical Landscapes o Mainland Deltaic environments Tropical monsoon (almost all mainland’s in this monsoon zone) Forest (Indonesia - 13,000 islands) (Philippines has over 7, 000 islands) o Insular Archipelagic environments Sunda Shelf – (allow people, animals to travel south) Deforestation in Southeast Asia
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o Export-oriented logging o Japan 1960s o (Thailand banned logging) o (Indonesia – has 10% world’s rain forest) o Effects: Denuded landscapes, damaged watersheds, reduced biodiversity o National parks and protected areas “Paper parks” (many has been logged and burned ) Kutai National park The Tragedy of the Karen o Indigenous people in Burma o (colonized by British) Found favor with British o Never integrated into Burma o Established insurgent state o Agreement to give Thailand access to Burmese Teak forests (prevent people from access to natural resources) Air Pollution o Urban smog (ex. Cars) o Smoke from clearing forests o Tinder-dry forests due to drought caused by El Nino o Peat bogs (wetland environment) (can burn for months) o Mining – ex. 13,000 foot high “mine In the “Clouds” and open pit, multi mineral mine on Grasberg Mountain in West Papua - New Orleans –
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based Freeport McMoRan Copper and Cold (company)( Indonesia’s largest mining – had contract) Population And Settlement o Deltas o Coastal areas o Zones of fertile volcanic soil 3 Types of Agriculture o Swidden/Shifting Agriculture/Slash and Burn (By farmers living on hills) Small population Land available is large enough May turn to cash crops o Plantation Agriculture Rice, rubber, cane sugar, tea, pineapple, and copra (began with European colonization) Rice Farming o Planting (usually by women) of rice seedlings by hand in flooded terraced fields that are first cultivated (usually by men) with hand-guided plows by water buffalo \ Tell each of major agriculture practice. . (which one is gender) Pre-European Culture o Centered on riverine environments where alluvial lands transformed from forest and freshwater swamp to rice growing areas
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o Power of the state rested on taxing rural production to finance defense, trade, industry and irrigation. o Emerged after adopting Indian models of state organization. Major Influences (religious) o South Asia 2,000 years ago, migrants from what is now present day India Helped establish Hindu kingdoms in coastal locations in Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, southern Viet nam, malaysia and western Indonesia o 2 nd wave South Asian influence Mainland SE Asia in th e13th Century
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Southeast Asia - Southeast Asia Population Indicators in...

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