Central Asia - Lecture's Notes -

Central Asia - Lecture's Notes - - Central Asia Central...

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Central Asia Central Asia o Afghanistan has the biggest population with 32 million o Mongolia has smallest population with 2.6 million o Population density is low Lowest is 2 per square mile in Mongolia Highest is 99 per square mile in Azerbaijan o Lowest TFR is Mongolia at 2.0, highest is Afghanistan at 6.8 o Afghanistan is least urbanized at 20%, most is Mongolia at 59% Introduction o Mongolia and Afghanistan o Six former republics of the now-defunct U.S.S.R. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan o Landlocked o Environmental unity of the region versus cultural differences o Oil—important natural resource, presence in the world stage. o U.S.S.R. or China C.A. Physical Regions Dry climate – low density o Mountains Pamir, Hindu Kush, Tien Shan, The Fan o Steppe Dominates much of Kazkhastan o Desert Kyzl Kum, Kara Kum, Registan and Dasht-I Margo Largest part of the region Rain less than 10 inches per year The Shrinking Aral Sea o Soviet initiatives in 1960s o Not a true sea – because it is not connected to the ocean o Two rivers that are heavily used for irrigation Amu Darya, Syr Darya o Water cotton o Salinity increased, causing most fish to die o Not a true sea because it is not connected to the Ocean o Once the 4 th largest saline body of water; shrinking since the 1960, because the irrigation projects of the Soviet Union
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o 2004—the sea shrunk 25% of its original size – by 2007, the lake was only 10% of its original size o 5 increase of salinity that killed the natural flora and fauna o Split into 3 separate lakes o Destruction lead to economic cultural devastation Muynak, Uzbekistan o Fishing village o Canning factory closed in 1989 o Loss of 20 fish species o Villages on the Aral sea are now 40 miles away o 1981-1998, fish were no longer used in the Aral Sea but from the Baltic Regions to keep the Canning factory opened. o Today is the considered the cemetery of ships. o The ship Graveyard – ships are left unused The Karakalpaks (affects of the Aral Sea) o Autonomous region o Wind blows from the west and picks up dust, salt and pollutants o 150 million tons get dumped on Central Asia o High respiratory problems and birth defects have doubled o Throat cancer – since 1965 o Death rate is 110 in Karakalpakstan and in Uzbekistan only 10. Rebirth Island o Island were Soviets stored bombs o Now a peninsula o Former island, now a peninsula in the Aral Sea o Once a main laboratory and testing sight for the Soviet Union war fare. o Top secret Soviet weapons laboratory were established there o Anthrax and the bubonic plague o Able to walk to the island now o Many containers have begun to leak because it was only stored and not destroyed o Animals on this island will move to surrounding lands will possibly carry this agents. The Shrinking Aral Sea
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Central Asia - Lecture's Notes - - Central Asia Central...

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