Central Asia -

Central Asia - - GEOG 1003 Central Asia Introduction...

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GEOG 1003 Central Asia Introduction Afghanistan Six former republics of the now-defunct U.S.S.R Landlocked Environmental unity v. cultural differences Oil – important natural resource in the region U.S.S.R. or China Dry climate – low density C.A. Physical Regions Mountains o Pamir, Hindu Krush, Tien Shan, The Fan o Cold n lots of snow Steppe o Dominates much of Kazkhstan Desert o Kyzl Kum, Kara Kum, Registan and Dasht-I Margo o Largest part of the region o Rain less than 10 inches per year Central Asia 1. Afghanistan has the biggest population with 32 million 2. Mongolia has smallest population with 2.6 million 3. Population density is low a. Lowest is 2 per square mile in Mongolia b. Highest is 99 per square mile in Azerbaijan 4. Lowest TFR is Mongolia at 2.0, highest is Afghanistan at 6.8 5. Afghanistan is least urbanized at 20%, most is Mongolia at 59% Introduction
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GEOG 1003 1. Mongolia and Afghanistan 2. Six former republics of the now-defunct U.S.S.R. a. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan 3. Landlocked 4. Environmental unity of the region versus cultural differences 5. Oil 6. U.S.S.R. or China The Shrinking Aral Sea 1. Soviet initiatives in 1960s 2. Not a true sea because it is not connected to the ocean 3. Two rivers that are heavily used for irrigation a. Amu Darya, Syr Darya 4. Water cotton 5. Salinity increased, causing most fish to die 4 th largest saline body of water By 2004, the sea shrunk 25% of the original size By 2007, the lake was only 10% of its original size Muynak, Uzbekistan 1. Fishing village 2. Canning factory closed in 1989 3. Loss of 20 fish species No longer can use fish from Aral Sea (1981-1989) – had to import from somewhere else. The Ship Graveyard – ships are left unused. The Karakalpaks 1. Autonomous region 2. Dust, salt and pollutants 3. 150 million tons get dumped on Central Asia 4. High respiratory problems and birth defects have doubled 5. Birth defects have doubled Throat cancer – up 60% since 1965 6. Death rate is 110 in Karakalpakstan and in Uzbekistan only 10. Rebirth Island 1. Island were Soviets stored bombs a. Former island 2. Now a peninsula A secret soviet laboratory was established there 1984 The Shrinking Aral Sea 1. Solutions? a. Installing desalination plants b. Charging farmers – to use water from the river c. Using alternative cotton – require less water d. Fewer chemicals on the cotton e. Installing dams to fill the Aral Sea
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GEOG 1003 f. Redirecting water g. Water from Caspian Sea Other Environmental Issues 1. Desiccation 2. Desertification a. Gobi Desert 3. Caspian Sea (Baka) – world’s largest lake – doesn’t connect to the ocean a. Size of Montana b. Ural River and Volga River 4. Deforestation – too dry to support forest a. Salt remain within the soil Central Asia Physical Regions 1. Central Asian Highlands a. Himalayas, Karakorum, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Kunlun Shan, Tien Shan 2. Tibetan Plateau
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Central Asia - - GEOG 1003 Central Asia Introduction...

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