East Asia -

East Asia - - Lecture OneIntroduction 4 Main traditions:...

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Lecture One—Introduction 4 Main traditions: Deals with natural as well as physical world Complicated relationship between human societies and natural environment Try to understand foreign cultures/distant regions Location tradition Cautions no region is homogenous throughout(not completely the same) regional borders are fuzzy(questionable) Regions: Vernacular Region o Vague (not clear) borders o Can be based on traits that are real or imagined o “The South”-southern, southeaster, Dixie o “Acadian”-inside Louisiana o “Northeast” o “Northwest” Formal Region o Have distinct boundaries brought together by one specific trait o Ex.) Mississippi River/Valley Functional Region o distinguished China—East Asia China and the US Share similar longitudinal East and West dimensions China is a little further North and South Low plains and mts. Most of the population lives in 1/3 of the eastern part of china Loess Plateau Soil from the Mongolian grassland Infrequent thunderstorm Farmers modified the hill slopes for crops Huang He Periodic levee breaks Floods the area for thousands of years “River of Sorrows” Sichuan Basin Largest basin in China Experiences cool summers—humid winter
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Last year: 7.9 magnitude earthquake hit. Three Gorges Can rises 20ft in the matter of the day North East Plains Surrounding areas of China’s important source—Timber Tibetan Plateau Nicknamed—“Third Pole” and “Roof to the World” Tarim Basin Region of internal drainage—Rivers from Mt. flow in to the area an it turns into the desert. Environmental Problem Three Gorges Dam o Largest dam(hydroelectric) in the world o Largest engineering project o Improved navigation on the Yangtze River o Designed to control flooding and generate electricity o Government of China—diverse energy production, provides 3- 10% of energy needed for the country o Domestic and World Critics Small dams generate substantial energy at half the cost Sediment build up—reduce the water storage capabilities of the dam voiding the actual purpose of the dam Disrupt habitat for several endangered species o Cost-benefit shortcomings Rising reservoir levels submerge habitat Huang He River—World’s muddiest river Water China has 20% of the World’s population but only 7% of water resource Factories in China recycle 20-30% of water 38% of river water was polluted in 2003 o Ex.) pesticides and fertilizer 75% of the water is unfit for humans and aquatic life Air Pollution China surpasses the US in emitting greenhouse gasses in the air High-sulfur Coal is dependent for transportation The Evolution of china Emerged at the Great Bend of the Huang He River Ruled by 15 different dynasties Cultural and economic traits emerged Shang Dynasty 1 st Dynasty
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Corvee system—during war: forced labor system or government
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East Asia - - Lecture OneIntroduction 4 Main traditions:...

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