Exam 1 Study Guide -

Exam 1 Study Guide - - Final Exam Study Guide(Cumulative...

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Final Exam Study Guide (Cumulative) Format 75 Questions Multiple Choice, Matching, T/F Africa Map— 10 Questions Chapter 1 7 examples of converging currents of globalization Converging currents of globalization 1. Global communication o Internet, cell phones, etc. allow communication worldwide 2. Global transportation o Can fly anywhere in the world within usually a day 3. Powerful transnatinal corporations and financial institutions 4. International free trade agreements o NAFTA 5. Market economies and privatization 6. Homogenous global consumer culture o Mcdonald's, coca-cola 7. Economic inequity, disparities Critics, Proponents, Middle Ground toward Globalization Critics of Globalization (4 examples) Not natural and results in inequality between haves and have-nots At expense of local sustainable economies “Free markets” actually have government interference Bubble economies – easily fallen not based on money that already exists. It is speculative. Proponents of globalization 8. Logical expression of modern international capitalism 9. New wealth with trickle down from rich to poor (countries and individuals) 10. Will spread benefits of new ideas and technologies 11. Countries can produce goods best suited 12. Need to attract capital from abroad will force countries to adopt sound economic policies 13. World's poor countries will catch up to rich ones 14. Tend to applaud sweatshops, stating that they will move to better forms of industry A middle ground? 15. Economic globalization is probably unavoidable 16. Even anti-globalization movement is aided by the Internet - a global technology 17. "make globalization work" by investing in education and maintaining social cohesion 18. Can be managed - imf , un, world bank, etc 19. Critics often note that in last 30 years, social conditions in at least 60 countries are actually worse Population Indicators—i.e. RNI, TFR, etc. 20. Rate of natural increase (RNI) - world average is 1.2 percent /yr: annual growth rate for a country or region, experssed as a percentage increase or decrease; equals number of birth minus the number of deaths; excluding migration; measured per 1,000 21. Crude birth rate (CBR) - the gross number of births divided by the total population giving a figure per 1,000 of the population; world CBR is 21 per 1,000 22. Total fertility rate TFR): the average number of children born by a statistically average woman; world TFR is 2.1, but ranges from 1.5 (Europe) to 5.0 (Africa); o TFR = 2.1; population is stable o TFR > 2.1, population is growing o TFR < 2.1, population will decline 23. Crude death rate (CDR): the gross (total) number of deaths divided by the total population, producing a figure per 1,000 of the pop; world CDR is 9/1000 24. Young and old populations: o Percentage of population under age 15: global average is 30%, low is 17% (Europe); high of 42% (Africa); high number indicates great potential for future growth; o Percentage of population over age 65: identifies need for health care and other social services
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2010 for the course GEOG 1003 taught by Professor Patzewitsch during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Exam 1 Study Guide - - Final Exam Study Guide(Cumulative...

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