Psychology and Health Problems - Psychology and Health...

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Psychology and Health Problems 1 Psychology and Health Problems Jonathan Driver Axia College of the University of Phoenix September 13, 2009
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Psychology and Health Problems 2 There is no single answer when it comes to the question of why some people get sick and others do not. The leading contemporary model for the answer to these questions is the multifactorial model (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). This paper will briefly summarize the multifactorial model. After the summary, the role psychology has played in understanding and treating two common health problems: headaches and coronary heart disease will be covered. The Multifactorial Model To summarize, the multifactorial model is the idea that health problems and illness are caused by several different factors such as biological factors, environmental factors, psychological factors, and sociocultural factors and how these factors interact with each other and our health (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). This can also mean how the factors previously mentioned can increase the likelihood of getting sick depending on how we interact with them. Some other factors to be considered with this model are genetic factors and lifestyle factors, though both of these could fall under biological and psychological factors from above (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some of the biological factors that play a role in our health include pathogens, inoculations, injuries, age, gender, and family history (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Even though the previously mentioned factors each can play a role in our overall health, they do not guarantee that certain illnesses will or will not be experienced. Genetics and biology can only tell that you may have a predisposition to an illness, but other factors play in on whether you experience that illness or not (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Nevid and Rathus give a great example of this when they told of how a study of women who had recently immigrated from rural parts of Asia shared the same
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