Jan.20-2010 Theoretical Perspectives of Global Politics

Jan.20-2010 Theoretical Perspectives of Global Politics -...

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Theoretical Perspectives of Global Politics Theory: A statement or series of statements that organize, explain, and predict phenomena of interest. Theories of International Relations: 1. Realism 2. Liberalism 3. Critical Theories 4. Constructivism Realism: prioritizes national interest and security, rather than ideals, social reconstructions, or ethics Realism uses the view of Anarchy(No enforced authority) Nation-States are the main actors in Realism Security and Survival are highly important In summary, realists believe that mankind is not inherently benevolent but rather self- centered and competitive. No other states or institutions can be relied upon to Guarantee your own survival. National interests are prominent . Friendship and trust are temporary. Liberalism: Is the belief in the importance of individual freedom. Similar to realism in usage of anarchy, but order can be enforced through the formation
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Unformatted text preview: of international norms, international organizations, and the enforcement of international law. Economic Interdependence (dependence of other) is good through trade. Spread of democracy is the key to world peace Woodrow Wilson Radical International Relations Theories: Marxism-Karl Marx i. Capitalism is the central cause of international conflict Neo-Marxism-Dependency Theory; Race to The Bottom A. Advanced capitalist countries grow rich by exploiting less developed countries. B. Darwinian struggle for capital, Income inequality, and environmental deteriortion. Constructivism: State behavior is shaped by its identity Actors with diverging identities are more likely to be antagonistic. Actors with converging identities are more likely to form cooperation. Identities can change through the socialization (learning from each other) process....
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Jan.20-2010 Theoretical Perspectives of Global Politics -...

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