Midterm Review 2 - Midterm Review Name Delonta Holmes...

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Midterm Review Name: Delonta Holmes Teacher: David Daniel Class: Psychology Date Questions/Main Ideas: Notes Consciousness Our awareness of ourselves and our environment -includes : Focused attention Sleeping Hypnosis At the beginning psychology focused on consciousness Selective Attention When we focus on a particular thing Crick and Koch One function is to produce the best current interpretation of sensory Levels of Consciousness -Conscious level is current awareness -Preconscious level is outside awareness -Unconscious level(Freud) is conscious that is kept out Intentional Blindness Failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere -For Example: when attending to one task (counting basketball passes); about half of the people viewing would miss seeing something pass by that visible noticeable because our attention is focused somewhere else. Two forms of Inattentional blindness are change blindness(things that change and we miss) and choice blindness Comparison of unconscious and conscious In comparison with unconscious processing, conscious processing has limited capacity, is relatively slow , and processing pieces of information serially Circadian Rhythm The biological clock; Cycle of behavior and physiology that repeats about every 24 hours. -Our bodies internal clock controls several biological rhythms EEG Awake, low voltage, high frequency beta waves Sleep Stages 5 stages Stage 1 ,2,3,4, and Rem sleep REM Sleep Rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches) but other body systems are active. Stage 1 People often hypnagogic sensations similar to hallucinations (false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual presence). These hypnagogic sensation may later be incorporated in memories Stage 2 The burst of brain wave activity called sleep spindles occur. Stage 3 and 4 Is where delta waves occur (the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep) Alpha Waves The relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed ,awake state Sleep Cycle Repeats itself about every 90 minutes .Approximately 20 to 25 percent of night’s sleep is spent in REM sleep. As the night goes on increase Rem sleep and decrease in stage 4 Freud Theory -Dreams as wish fulfillment(sex, violence) -A way for the unconscious to express itself Teenagers Sleep 2 hours less than people 80 years ago and require 8 to 9 hours of sleep Suprachiasmatic Nucleus Cluster of brain cells that control circadian rhythm Effects of chronic sleep deprivation -Suppression of the immune system -altered metabolic and hormonal functioning -impaired creativity Cartwright The problem solving view -we think through major problems in our lives
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Activation-synthesis model(Hobson and McCorley) -Brain firing or burst activity -a story created to make sense of internal signals - what a dream means is how you interpret it in your life
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2010 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor H during the Spring '10 term at James Madison University.

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Midterm Review 2 - Midterm Review Name Delonta Holmes...

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