ASM 294 Study Guide

ASM 294 Study Guide - ASM 294 Study Guide Osteology- Study...

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ASM 294 Study Guide Osteology- Study of the bones of the skeleton including their names, placement, articulations with the bones visible features. Axial skeleton- vertebral column and rib cage. Appendicular skeleton- bones of the arms, legs, shoulders Collagen- protein component of bones provides flexibility Hydroxypatite- mineral component of bones. Provides rigidity. Osteon- bone cells. Osteons contain opening through their centers for the passage of a blood vessel. Secondary bone cells form throughout life. A rough way to estimate age at death. Bone Histology- study of the microscopic structures in bone and other tissue. Foramen- holes in bone for blood vessels Superior- top Inferior- bottom Anterior- towards the front Posterior- towards the rear Medial- towards the middle Lateral- away from the center Proximal- towards the articulation Distal- away from the articulation Diaphysis- shaft of the bone Epiphysis- cap at the end of the bone Metaphysis- neck of the bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis Trabecular bone- spongy interior bone in the metaphysic Diploe- spongy trabecular bone in the cranium Cortical bone- smooth exterior bone Variation in bone structure comes from age, sex, race, muscularity, conditioning, occupation, pathology, genetics, and cultural factors Establishing Forensic Context
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Forensic Anthropologist- a person who identifies a body by their skeleton Medicolegal significance- determining whether the person died of conditions in which the aid of legal authorities is necessary. Cause of death- the factor which cause a person to cease living. Cancer, gunshot Manner of death- manner in which a person dies. Homicide, suicide, accident, natural, or unknown. Establishing Forensic Context
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course ASM 294 taught by Professor Forget during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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ASM 294 Study Guide - ASM 294 Study Guide Osteology- Study...

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